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15 Cards in this Set

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List three ways Rome's geography, unlike that of Greece, helped the Romans to unite the peninsula.
1. Italy was not broken up into isolated valleys.
2. The Appenine Mountains were less rugged mountains than those in Greece.
3. Italy had broad, fertile plains that enabled them to grow an abundance of food.
Why did the ancient Romans chose to establish a republic?
They wanted to keep one individual from gaining too much power.
In the event of an emergency , such as a war, to whom did the Romans grant temporary power? For how long?
The Romans granted emergency power to a dictator for 6 months.
As a result of Plebeian protest, these laws of Rome were written down and displayed in the marketplace.
The Twelve Tables
These were a series of conflicts between Rome & Carthage during the years 264 B.C. & 146 B.C.
The Punic Wars
This military leader from Carthage led his troops and dozens of war elephants over the Alps into Italy.
Hannibal
What were the major effects of Rome's rapid expansion?
1. A new wealthy class emerged that over-used slave labor and undercut farmers.
2. Grain sent in from conquered lands drove down grain prices. Farmers went into debt sold land.
3. Unemployed farmers flocked to overcrowded cities.
4. The gap between the rich & poor widened
5. Corruption & self-interest replaced hard work and devotion to duty.
Who was the able Roman commander who brought Gaul (area of France) under control and excalimed, "Veni, vidi, vici" ...(and what does that mean?)
Julius Caesar

"I came, I saw, I conquered"
What was the name of the largest racecourse in Rome and the ampitheater where gladitorial contests were held?
Why did the emperors pay for these spectacles?
Circus Maximus

The Colosseum

To control the restless mobs.
Name an achievement in each of the following areas: Art; Architecture; Engineering; Science.
Art: detailed human sculpture
in homes, gardens, buildings.

Architecture:Grand & mighty; improved the arch and dome.

Engineering: Aqueduct;concrete'bridges

Science:earth-centered theory;medical encyclopedias.
Who were Virgil & Ovid?
Who were Livy & Tacitus?
1. Poets

2. Historians
What common principals evolved from Roman law into principles familiar to Americans today?
All people are equal before the law.

Innocent until proven guilty
Right to face accuser & mount a defense.

Guilt must be established through evidence.

Judges may interpret the law based on fairness.
What did the emperor Diocletian do in an attempt to restore order and make the empire easier to govern?

Which region did he keep to rule himself?

Who had the most authority?
Diocletian divided the empire into two parts.

He kept the wealthier eastern part for himself & appointed a co-emperor in the west.

Diocletian retained absolute power.
What two steps did the general, Constantine, take that changed the course of history?
1. Granted toleration to Christians & encouraged the spread of Christianity within the Roman empire.
2. He built a new capital, Constantinople and made the eastern empire the center of power.
What caused the decline (fall) of Rome in the following areas?

Military

Political

Economic

Social
Military (poor training, little loyalty, Germanic invasions.

Political: oppressive gov't., corruption, division of empire, power struggles.

Economic:high taxes to support army & govt., slave labor, indenture of farm owners.

Social: population decline, decreased patriotism; upper class devotion to self-interest & luxury