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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

1. Organizations

A collective purposely constructed to achieve particular ends.
2. Bureaucracy
A highly rational organization, especially one that is highly efficient.
3. Domination
The probability or likelihood that commands will be obeyed by subordinates.
4. Authority
A particular type of domination; legitimate domination.
5. Rational-legal Authority
Authority that is legitimated on the basis of legally enacted rules and the right of those with authority under those rules to issue commands.
6. Traditional Authority
Authority based on a belief in long-running traditions.
7. Charismatic Authority
Authority based on the devotion of the followers to what they define as the exceptional characteristics, such as heroism, of the leaders.
8. Bounded Rationality
Rationality limited by, among other things, instabilities and conflicts within most, if not all, organizations, as well as by the limited human capacity to think and act in a rational manner.
9. Bureaucratic Personality
A type of bureaucrat who slavishly follows the rules of the organization to such an extent that the ability to achieve organizational goals is subverted.
10. Informal Organization
How the organization actually works as opposed to the way it is supposed to work.
11. Oligarchy
An organization with a small group of people at the top obtaining, and exercising, far more power than they are supposed to have.
12. Sexual Harassment
Unwanted Sexual attention that takes place in the workplace or other settings.
13. Outsourcing
The transfer of activities once performed by one organization to another organization in exchange for money.
14. Offshore Outsourcing
The transfer of work to organizations in other countries.
15. Network Organization
A new organizational form that is flat and horizontal; is intertwined with other organizations; is run and managed in very different ways than traditional organizations; uses more flexible production methods; and is composed of a series of interconnected nodes.
16. Networks
“Interconnected nodes” that are open, capable of unlimited expansion, dynamic, and able to innovate without disrupting the system in which exist.
17. Informationalism
The processing of knowledge.
18. Gemeinschaft Societies
Traditional societies characterized by face-to-face relations.
19. Geselischaft Societies
Modern societies characterized by impersonal, distant, and limited social relationships.
20. Risk Society
A society in which central issues involve risks and ways to protect oneself from them.
21. Nation
A group of people who share similar cultural, religious, ethnic, linguistic, and territorial characteristics.
22. State
A political body organized for government and civil rule.
23. Nation-State
The combination of nation with a geographic and political structure; encompasses both the populations that define themselves as a nation with various shared characteristics and the organizational structure of the state.
24. Spaces of places
Settings that are more likely to have clear borders and to be able to limit flows of all kinds and even stop them from entering completely.
25. Spaces of flows
Settings that are unlikely to have clear and defensible borders; they are likely to be quite fluid and more likely than spaces of places to be temporary in nature.
26. Landscapes
Fluid, irregular, and variable global flows that produce different results throughout the world.
27. Ethnoscapes
Landscapes that involve the movement, or fantasies about movement, of various individuals and groups.
28. Technoscapes
Landscapes that involve mechanical and informational technologies as well as the material that moves quickly and freely through them.
29. Financescapes
Landscapes that involve the use of various financial instruments to allow huge sums of money and other things of economic value to move into and across nations and around the world at great speed, almost instantaneously.
30. Mediascapes
Landscapes that involve the electronic capability to produce and transmit information and images around the world.
31. Ideoscapes

Landscapes that involve images, largely political images, that are often in line with the ideologies of nation-states.