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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Relative to the kidneys, the liver is:
unilateral
The vocal cords are located in the
larynx
The heart muscle is called the:
myocardium
Skeletal muscle is also called
voluntary muscle
A fracture of the humerus just above the elbow would be described as a:
distal humerus fracture
Which of the following statements regarding the kidneys is correct?
The kidneys eliminate toxic waste products from the body and control its balance of water and salt.
A patient in a semireclined position with the head elevated to facilitate breathing is in the ___________ position:
Fowler's
A patient has fractured both femurs. Anatomically, these injuries would be described as being:
bilateral.
The supporting bone of the arm is the
humerus
Urine is transported from the kidneys to the urinary bladder via the:
ureters
Which of the following statements regarding nervous system control of the cardiovascular system is correct?
Baroreceptors located throughout the body provide information to the brain regarding the blood pressure.
The carpal bones form the
wrist.
Breathing occurs as the result of a(n):
increase in carbon dioxide, which decreases the pH of the CSF
Which of the following signs of respiratory distress is typically unique to infants and children?
seesaw respirations
In relation to the wrist, the elbow is:
proximal.
The distal aspect of the tibia forms the
medial malleolus.
Which of the following structures does NOT contain smooth muscle?
skeletal system
Which of the following statements regarding smooth muscle is correct?
A person has no voluntary control over smooth muscle.
Which of the following statements regarding the heart is correct?
It is under control of the autonomic nervous system
The kidneys and pancreas are called retroperitoneal organs because they
are located behind the abdominal cavity
The diaphragm is a unique muscle because it:
is both a voluntary and involuntary muscle.
Hemoglobin is a molecule that attaches to ___________ and carries oxygen
erythrocytes
Each pelvic bone is formed by the fusion of the:
ilium, ischium, and pubis.
The most superior portion of the sternum is called the:
manubrium.
At rest, the normal adult heart rate should not exceed
100 beats/min
In relation to the chest, the back is
posterior
A 5-year-old boy has fallen and has a severe deformity of the forearm near the wrist. He has possibly sustained a fracture of the
distal forearm.
The descending aorta branches into the:
common iliac arteries
Relative to the adult's airway, the child's
pharynx is smaller and less deeply curved.
Which of the following statements regarding plasma is correct?
Plasma transports the blood cells and nutrients
Trendelenburg's position is MOST accurately defined as a:
supine position with the legs elevated 6" to 12" higher than the head.
Which organ lies in the lateral and posterior portion of the left upper quadrant (LUQ) of the abdomen?
spleen
Which of the following statements regarding anaerobic metabolism is correct?
Anaerobic metabolism produces lactic acid and occurs when cellular oxygen is limited
Oxygen and carbon dioxide pass across the alveolar membrane in the lungs through a process called:
diffusion.
Which of the following statements regarding agonal respirations is correct?
Agonal respirations are ineffective and need to be assisted.
The elbow is an example of a ____________ joint
hinge
Both areas of the pons are used to:
augment respirations during emotional or physical stress
An intoxicated 40-year-old male is found lying face down. How would you document his body's position?
prone
Worn out blood cells, foreign substances, and bacteria are filtered from the blood by the:
spleen.
young male jumped from a tree and landed feet first. What aspect of his body has sustained the initial injury?
plantar
The atlas is the
first cervical vertebra, which articulates with the skull.
he central nervous system is composed of the:
brain and spinal cord.
Twelve pairs of ribs attach to what section of the spinal column?
thoracic
Bile is produced by the liver and concentrated and stored in the:
gallbladder
The axial skeleton is composed of the
skull, face, thorax, and vertebral column.
The amount of air that remains in the lungs simply to keep them open is called:
residual volume
The bones of the forearm are called the
radius and ulna
As the bronchus divides into smaller bronchioles, the terminal ends of these smaller passages form the
alveoli.
All necessary life functions are coordinated in what part of the brain?
brain stem
Movement or motion away from the body's midline is called
abduction.