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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anorexia
Lack of appetite.
ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
borborygmus
Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movemen of gas, fluid or both in the gastrointestinal tract.
constipation
Difficulty in passing stools (feces).
diarrhea
Frequent passage of loose, watery stools.
dsyphagia
Difficulty in swallowing.
eructation
Gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth.
flatus
Gas expelled through the anus.
hematochezia
Passage of bright, fresh, red blood from the rectum.
jaundice
Yellow-orange coloration of the skin and other tissues causedbu high levels of bilirubin in the blood 9hyperbilirubinemia).
melena
Black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood.
nausea
Unpleasant sensation in the stomach and a tendency to vomit.
steatorrhea
Fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling, fecal matter.
aphthous stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers.
dental caries
Tooth decay
herpetic stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth by infection with the herpesvirus.
oral leukoplakia
White plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth.
periodontal disease
Inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone; also called pyorrhea (py/oo means pus).
achalasia
Failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax.
esophageal varices
Swollen, varicose veins in the distal portion of the esophagus or upper part of the stomach.
gastric carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the stomach.
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Solids and fluids to the mouth from the stomach.
hernia
Protusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it.
peptic ulcer
Open sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum.
anal fistula
Abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus.
colonic polyposis
Polyps (begning growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon.
colorectal cancer
Adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both.
Chron's disease
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon).
diverticulosis
Abnormal side pockets (outpouchings) in the intestinal wall.
dysentery
Painful, inflamed intestines.
hemorrhoids
Swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region.
ileus
Failure of peristalsis with obstruction of the intestines.
intussusception
Telescoping of the intestines.
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Group of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms associated with stress and tension.
ulcerative colitis
Chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers.
volvulus
Twisting of the intestine upon itself.
cholelithiasis
Gallstones in the gallbladder.
cirrhosis
Chronic degenerative disease of the liver.
pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas.
viral hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus.