Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A Greek "lover of wisdom", or a thinker who is determined to seek the truth
philosopher
a disorganized group of thinkers who employed debate and rhetoric to teach and disseminate their ideas and offered to teach these skills to others
sophists
Developed a question-and-answer approach for teaching, and believed in absolute standards for truth and justice
Socrates
The Greek philosopher who summarized knowledge up to his time, and developed a type of argument.
Aristotle
Socrates' student who wrote The Republic, a view of the ideal society
Plato
a heavy infantryman that was the central focus of warfare in Ancient Greece
hoplites
A greek tradegian who wrote the Oedipus Trilogy
Sophocles
An association of Greek city-states in the 5th century BC led by Athens.
Delian League
The term used to denote the historical period from the end of the Persian Wars to the end of the Peloponnesian War.
Age of Pericles
The earliest of the 3 Greek tragedians.
Aeschylus
The Supreme God in Greek Religion. Reigned on Mount Olympus.
Zeus
The Sun God of Greek Religion.
Apollo
The Greek Goddess of Knowledge and War.
Athena
Zeus' wife and sister. The Greek goddess of marriage.
Hera
The latest of the 3 Great tradgedians. Wrote Dionysia
Euripides
The place where Zeus and Hera reign.
Mt. Olympus
"The Father of Medicine"
Hippocrates
Greek mathematician and pioneer in geometry
Euclid
King of Macedonia who conquered Greece
Philip II
Kingdom located just north of Greece
Macedonia
Philip II's son who established a huge empire
Alexander The Great
Persian King
Darius III
Argued "natural law" theories
pre-Socratic philosophers
Philosophers who said people should live a moral life to keep them in harmony with natural laws
stoics
The assembly of all citizens
ecclesia
Viewing the universe in terms of rational, not mythological terms.
natural law
epic that centers on the heroes of the Trojan war
Illiad
epic that tells of Odysseus journeys written by Homer
The Odyssey
Side-by-side fighting formation of Greek foot soldiers
Phalanx
Member of a group who settled on the Greek mainland aroung 2000 B.C.
Mycenaen
War in which the Mycenaens attacked the city of Troy
Trojan War
Member of a group of people who migrated into the Greek mainland
Dorian
Greek poet who composed the Illiad and the Odyssey
Homer
Heroic story told in the form of a long poem
Epic`
Traditional story that explains why the world is the way it is
Myth
City-state of ancient Greece
Polis
Fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Acropolis
Government ruled by a king or queen
Monarchy
government ruled by a small group of noble families
Oligarchy
powerful ruler who gained control of a city-state's government by asking the common people for support
Tyrant
rule by the people
Democracy
Wars between Greece and the Persian Empire
Persian Wars
War in which the Greeks defeated the Persians. Pheidippides ran 26.2 miles to tell of the victory then died on the spot.
Battle of Marathon
Temple in ancient Greece that is a masterpiece of classical art
Parthenon
Form of government in which citizens rule
Direct Democracy
Art in which harmony, order, and balance were emphasized
Classical Art
Serious drama dealing with such themes as love, hate, war, or betrayal
Tragedy
Light and amusing play that may poke fun at serious subjects
Comedy
War in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
Peloponnesian War