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20 Cards in this Set

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Containment Theory
Youth insultated form deliquency by internal and external controls.

Reckless
Theory of the Bond
Strong social bonds insulate youth against deliquent behaviour.

Hirschi
General Theory of Crime
Criminal activity appeals to people who are:
low self-control
impulsive

Gottfredson/Hirschi
Power-Control Theory
Due to differential control, (women have more control than men), men have a higher prospect to engage in risk taking and deliquent behaviour.

Hagon, Gilld, Simpson
Interactional Theory (of deliquency)
Weak ties to conventional others increase likehood of deliquent behaviour, but ties can be strengthened over time.

Terrence Thornberry
Labelling Theory
Frustration created by particular social arrangements may motivate criminal behaviour. `
Secondary deviance
Feedback of person being called disreptuable may begin to believe it.
Self-fulfilling prophecy
People percieved as beyond redemption act as if they are.
Differential Coercion Theory
How application of control intesnifies rather than discourages criminal behaviour.

Colvin
Control Balance Theory
Control ratio. When amount of control we're subject to is realitve to amount of control we can exercise is balanced, things are fine. When ratio is out, offending occurs.

Tittle
Life Course Perspective
Adult criminaliy is strongly influenced by patterns of childhood behaviour, and changes in peoples lives affect likelyhood of involvement in crime.

Simpson and Laub
Trajectories
Describe the direction which lives seem to be moving.
Transistions
Specific events that may or may not alter trajectories.
Informal social controls
Casual methods of coercion employed by community members to maintain confromity.
Inner containments
Products of effective socialization and the successful internalization of rules regarding acceptable behaviour.
Outer containments
Aspect of individual's social environment (primary groups)that help to ensure that deliquent behaviours does not occure.
Attachment
Degree to which children are sensitive to the expectations of parents or teachers.
Commitment
The size of investment of time + energy that a youth has made to a conventional activity.
Involvement
Participation in the world of confromity so that little time is left deliquency.
Belief
The degree to which youths beleive that the conformist values of teachers and parents are worthy of respect.