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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anter/o
front
Caud/o
tail
Dors/o
back
Infer/o
inferior
Inguin/o
groin
Phren/o
diaphragm
Poster/o
posterior
Proxim/o
near
Super/o
superior
Ventr/o
front
Gastr/o
stomach
Ili/o
hip
Crani/o
skull
Medi/o
middle
Spin/o
spine
Viscer/o
Internal organs
Pelv/o
Pelvis
ic
pertaining to
al
pertaining to
ior
pertaining to
epi
above
hypo
below
superficial
near the surface of the body
peripheral
away from the center of the body
pertaining to upon (above) the stomach
epigastric
pertaining to below the stomach
hypogastric
pertaining to the tail
caudal
pertaining to the skull
cranial
pertaining to the back
dorsal
pertaining to the groin
inguinal
pertaining to the middle
medial
pertaining to that point which is near (the point of attachment)
proximal
pertaining to the spine
spinal
pertaining to the front (belly side)
ventral
pertaining to the internal organs
visceral
pertaining to the pelvis
pelvic
pertaining to the front of the body or organ
anterior
pertaining to below or in a downard position
inferior
pertaining to the back of the body or organ
dorsal
pertaining to a stucture or organ situated either above another or toward he head
superior
Name two main body cavities:
ventral and dorsal
or
spinal and cranial
The lungs are located in this cavity
Thoracic cavity
main back cavity
dorsal
main front cavity
ventral
contains the brain
cranial cavity
contains the digestive organs
abdominal cavity
contains the brain
cranial cavity
contains the reproductive organs
pelvic
muscle that seperates two body cavities
diaphragm
Anatomic position
standing eriect, arms at side with head, palms & feet facing forward
plantar
bottom of foot
The opposite of caudal
cranial or superior
opposite of dorsal
anterior
opposite of medial
lateral
opposite of prone
supine
opposite of superficial
deep
epigastric region
stomach area
hypochondriac region
rib area
iliac region
hip area
lumbar region
spine area
umbilical region
naval area
dorsom
upper portion of the foot
opposite of medial
lateral
opposite of proximal
distal
supine
lying on the back (face up)
prone
lying on the abdomen (face down)
Anatomy
study of the physical structure of the body.
Physiology
study of the functions of these parts.
Anatomy is divided into two fields of study:
Gross anatomy- can be seen by the naked eye.
Microscopic anatomy-deals with feature that can only be seen with a microsope.
Two related areas of microscopic anatomy
Cytology- study of cells
Histology-studt of tissues
The Cranial Cavity protects the...
the brain.
The Spinal Cavity protects...
the spine.
Orbital protects...
the eyes.
Nasal protects...
the nose.
Buccal protects...
the mouth.
Abdominopelvic Cavity has 3 parts. What are they?
1.Upper Abdomen (stomach, small intestine, lg intestine, liver, spleen, pancreras, gallbladder)
2. Lower Pelvic (bladder, reproductive organs, tiny portion of lg intestine)
3. Retroperitoneal (kidneys)
Abdominal region. What are the names of the quadrants?
RUQ-Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ-Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ-Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ-Left Lower Quadrant
Transverse Plane
divides the body into top/bottom
above the line-Superior
below the line-Inferior
Nine Regions of the Abdomen:
Hypochondriac(R)- Epigastric-Hypochondriac(L)
Lumbar(R)-Umbilical Region-Lumbar(L)
Iliac (Inguinal)(R)-Hypogastric(Pubic)-Iliac(Inguinal)(L)
List the structures of a cell:
1. cell membrane
2. cytoplasm
3.nucleus
4. endoplasmic reticulum
5. mitochondria
6.lysomes
7.pinocytic vesticles
8.ribsomes