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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Neurotic behavior-
Exaggerated use of avoidance behaviors or defense mechanisms in response to anxiety.
Term used historically to characterize maladaptive behavior resulting from intrapsychic conflict and marked by prominent use of defense mechanisms.
A basic emotion that involves the activation of the “fight or flight” response of the sympathetic nervous system.
A basic emotion that involves the activation of the “fight or flight” response of the sympathetic nervous system.
A general feeling of apprehension about possible danger; much more diffuse than fear.
Anxiety disorder-
Any mental disorder characterized by unrealistic, irrational fear or anxiety of disabling intensity; DSM-IV-TR recognizes seven types of anxiety disorders: phobic disorders (specific or social), panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia), generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Persistent and disproportionate fear of some specific object or situation that present little or no actual danger to a person.
Specific phobia-
Persistent or disproportionate fears of other species (snakes, spiders) aspects of the environment (high places, water) or situations (being in airplanes or elevators.
Social phobia-
Fear of social situations, in which a person might be exposed to the scrutiny of others and might act in a humiliating or embarrassing way.
Blood-injection-injury phobia-
Persistent and disproportionate fear of the sight of blood or injury or the possibility of having an injection, causing a drop in heart rate and blood pressure.
Panic disorder-
A mental disorder characterized by the occurrence of repeated, unexpected panic attacks, often accompanied by intense anxiety about having another one.
Intense fear of being in places or situations from which escape would be physically difficult or psychologically embarrassing, or in which immediate help would be unavailable in the event that something bad happened.
Interoceptive fears-
Fears focused on various internal bodily sensations.
Generalized anxiety disorder-
A mental disorder characterized by chronic excessive worry about a number of events or activities, with no specific threat present, and accompanied by at least three of the symptoms of restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance.
Obsessive compulsive disorder-
An anxiety disorder characterized by the persistent occurrence of unwanted and intrusive thoughts or distressing images, usually accompanied by compulsive behaviors designed to neutralize the obsessive thoughts or distressing images or to prevent some dreaded event or situation.
Persistent and recurrent intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that a person experiences as disturbing and inappropriate but has difficulty suppressing.
Overt repetitive behaviors (such as hand washing, checking, or ordering) or more covert mental acts (such as counting, praying, saying certain words silently) that a person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession.
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)-
A mental disorder characterized by obsession with some perceived flaw or defect in a person’s appearance.
The five subtypes of specific fears:
(1) animal (snakes or spiders) (2) natural environment (heights or water) (3) blood-injection (4) situational (airplanes or elevators) (5) atypical (choking or vomiting).
Controlled exposure
Most commononly used treatment for specific phobias. Clients are gradually place--symbolically or under real life conditions, in which they find most frieghtening.
Participant modeling
More effective than exposure alone. The therapist models way of interacting with the phobic object or situation in clam and nonfearful was. The most effective treatment for specific phobias is direct exposure to the stimuli or situations that elicit the fear. Clients are encouraged to expose themselves to their fear situations for long enough periods of time that their fear begins to subside.
What is the most common social phobia
public speaking
What are the two subtypes of social phobias?
Specific and generalized
Specific social phobias
Have disabling fears of one or more discrete social situations (public speaking) in which the fear they may be exposed to the scrutiny of others and may act in an embarrassing or humiliating manner.
Generalized social phobias
have significant fears of most social situations (public performance) and often also receive a diagnosis of avoidant personality disorder.
Social Phobias as learned behavior
Direct or vicasious classical conditioning. Such as experiencing or witnessing a perceived social defeat of humiliation. Socially isolated parents.
Social fears and phobias in an Evolutionary context
social dominance, signals for aggression, evolutionary base predisposition.
What are two features that distinguish panic from anxiety?
Brevity and intensity
How are they panic and anxiety different?
Panic attack is adrupt and reaches peak intensity within 10 min; attacks subside in 20-30 min.