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23 Cards in this Set

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What is the intent of consumerism?
To protect consumers in how they buy and use products and services. It includes protection in labeling, protection in advertising, and protection from use of the products and services themselves.
What factors influence consumer behavior?
Factors that influence consumer behavior include socioeconomic status, education levels, culture, attitudes and values, our response to media and advertising, and a number of psychosocial factors.
What are the characteristics of a wise consumer?
They do homework (including seeking out reliable sources of information), they create buying strategies, and they are assertive.
What is consumer health and how does it differ from consumerism in general?
They are generally the same concept, except consumer health pertains to protection of the consumer with respect to the purchase and use of health products and services.
Name three characteristics of a wise health consumer.
They seek health information from reliable sources, they actively manage their own health, they select health care providers with great care, they communicate effectively, and they are familiar with the economic aspects of health care.
What is the single most important threat that quacks pose?
They rob people of valuable time and money that could otherwise be spent on more legitimate methods of prevention, treatment and healing.
Describe three characteristics of a quack.
Any of the following characterize a quack: they are secretive about their products or services; they use scare tactics; they use testimonials to advertise or promote their products or services; they claim medical conspiracy; they are often sued; they promote the use of vitamins or nutritional supplements and they use "detoxification" methods as a primary method of enhancing health
What are the three leading types of health frauds?
Cures for arthritis, cancer and AIDS
What characteristics do leading types of health frauds tend to have in common?
They promise cures and relatively easy solutions to health problems that the scientific community still has not solved.
What is the difference between a fee-for-service plan and a managed care plan?
A fee-for-service plan is one where the consumer generally sees any physician he or she chooses and the physician bills the insurance company for services rendered. A managed care plan usually has an agreement with certain doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers to provide a range of services to members of the plan at a reduced cost. Selection of doctors is usually not as good and more rules and regulations are found with managed care plans. However, they are usually quite a bit less expensive.
Distinguish between three different types of insurance plans.
In addition to fee-for-service plans, which are diminishing, there are managed care plans which are currently on the rise. The three types of managed care plans include: preferred provider organization, health maintenance organization, and a point of service plan.
What questions should you ask before selecting an insurance plan?
The first four basic questions should include: What flexibility will I have in selecting physicians, other health care providers and health care facilities? What services are included in the plan? How much paperwork and other "pre-approval" work needs to be done when I need health care? How much does the plan cost including "out-of-pocket" expenses?
What is the difference between an allopathic physician and an osteopathic physician?
An allopathic physician is a traditionally trained physician who uses drugs and surgery as primary modes of bringing people to a healthy state. An osteopathic physician is trained to do the same things but also uses palpatory diagnosis and manipulative therapy as well. Both types of physicians are licensed and practice legitimate medicine.
What questions are appropriate to ask a physician when you are in his or her office?
Any concerns you have may trigger questions. In this sense, any question you have is appropriate and should be answered by your physician. Areas of special concern may include any types of lifestyle changes that may be appropriate, drugs and treatments that are prescribed, and when follow up is appropriate
What is included in the "Patient's Bill of Rights" as it pertains to a hospital stay?
To be spoken to in words you understand; to be told what is wrong with you; to review your medical record; to know the benefits and risks of any treatment; to know a treatment's costs; to make all treatment decisions; and to refuse any medical procedure.
What does a chiropractor focus on in treatment?
The focus of chiropractic treatment is spinal manipulation and adjustment of the spine for therapy rather than on drugs or surgery.
What is the difference between homeopathy and naturopathy?
Homeopathy is based on the "law of similars," which states that a remedy that produces symptoms in a healthy person can cure ill people with similar symptoms. A small amount of a substance is reported to trigger the immune system into action. Naturopathy is based solely on "natural" healing including heat, sunlight, salts, herbs, massage, fasting, colonic irrigation, vitamins, and "natural foods."
What two criteria are important to consider when deciding whether or not you should use a mental health care provider?
Two criteria can be when emotional or mental health problems begin to interfere with daily living and priorities or if those problems push someone to the point of his or her tolerance.
Name three provider options you have for mental health counseling.
Any of the following mental health care providers may be good options for help: psychiatrists, psychologists, psychoanalysts, social workers, licensed professional counselors, or mental health counselors.
Name three things a quack dentist may try to do with patients
Engage in naturopathy or "holistic" dentistry that may include adjusting joints, claiming links between oral health and disease, removing silver fillings, providing strange nutrition counseling and selling nutritional supplements.
Name three reasons to leave your current dentist.
Any of the answers related to the preceding question are good reasons to leave your current dentist. In addition, if your dentist attempts to treat a medical condition (non-dental condition), rushes his or her work, has too many patients, or if the quality of your dental work deteriorates over time, change dentists.
What is self-care and when is it appropriate?
Self-care is the process of treating minor symptoms on your own and letting the body heal itself naturally. It is appropriate most of the time, since 80 percent of all visits to the doctor relate to an illness that the body will heal naturally within days or weeks.
Name three symptoms that indicate contacting a health care provider is timely.
Any of the following should prompt a visit to your doctor: a fever of 103 degrees or higher; a sore throat that lasts for three days or longer; a persistent cough associated with chest pains or bleeding; change in bowel or bladder habits especially associated with any bleeding; and indigestion or heartburn that lasts longer than three days.