Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Apologist ?
Someone who defends their faith
Going against the established doctrines of the faith
They believe that God was not human, he was only divine, he was a Ghost.
They believe that Jesus was only human, similiar reasoning, different conclusion
Apostles Creed
A belief that Jesus was both divine and human - 200 AD
Nicene Creed
It said that jesus was both human and divine, reaffirms Jesus' humanity. - 300 AD
The act of renouncing one's faith - people that renounced their faith were allowed back in the church, only after doing penance.
The belief that Jesus would not have wanted us to fight - dont engage in wars
St. Ignatius of Antioch
Early martyr who wrote letters to encourage Christians
St. Justin Martyr
He refused to worship the local idols, and he and his 6 students were killed
St. Antony of Egypt
First monk, (hermit) - lives in the desert by himself
St. Basil
He starts the first Christian monastic order - 1st rule - and he lived in the 300's
St. Jerome
He translated the entire bible to Latin from Hebrew/Greek
St. Augustine
He changed his life around, became bishop of Hippo
He was the priest of the Arian Heresy - he loved the church - but he believed that Jesus was only human
Famous for the Edict of Mulan; He put the "chi-ro" shield on all weapons, then he was victorious.
He was known for being a confident leader, but he was horrible towards the Christians because he persecuted the most people.
Edict of Milan
Written by Constantine - it made Christianity legal
The Rule of Basil
Eat little, own little, and obey the abbot
Earliest 2 orders
Bishop and Deacon
Why Rome was so central
Peter and Paul died there + its the imperial city
Why Roman Empire intolerant of Christians
They refused to follow the Pagan Gods - they also did not fight
What Emperor Theodosius did
Out lawed Paganism - Only christian's can be soldiers
Why Monks went to desert
To get away from the temptations of the city - to seek the right of heart
Who influenced St. Augustine (3 people)
His Mom, St. Ambrose, Reading from Paul, Plato
His famous book
city of god - selfless people
city of man - selfISH people
Pope Leo's understanding of the papacy
he called himself a Supreme Pontiff and he thought of his position as a worldly power
How he accomplished this
Attila the Hun came to attack Rome - and he convinced him to turn back - and the emperor was not even able to do so!
# of popes so far
How church is organized
1. Pope
2. Cardinals
3. Archbishops
4. Bishops
5. Monsignor
6. Priests
7. Deacons
2 Most important cities in Church at the end of the 5th century
Rome-Vatican City
Who moved the capital city + to where?
Meaning of "Monasticism"
Mono=One living alone
What is original sin
the tendency to sin that was started by Adam and Eve
Conversion of St. Augustine
He listens to St. Ambrose speak, (he has first led a drunken life) and he starts to read the bible, he hears kids sing Take + Read , and he opens the bible to a random passage, and it says dont lead a drunken life, then he becomes a bishop/priest.
His Accomplishments
Writing 2 books/ Being Bishop
St. Antony's Conversion Story
- He listens to the gospel story, and he hears go and sell all that you have and St. Antony goes and does that and he gets into heaven.
St. Antony's Contributions
Establishment of Monasticism