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25 Cards in this Set

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The process of social interaction that teaches a child the intellectual, physical and social skills needed to function as a member of society
Socialization
Discipline using biological principles to explain the behavior of social animals
Sociobiology
A society's shared view of right and wrong
Moral Order
A series of repeated experiences linking a desired reaction with a particular object or event
Conditioning
Our sense of self, rooted in whether our sex is female or male
Gender Identity
Portion of the self, according to Mead, that wishes spontaneous, free expression
The "I"
Term used by Mead to include those individuals who are most important in our development for example, parents, friends.
Significant Others
Mead's discussion of the period characterized by a child's imitating the behavior of others, which prepares the child for learning social role expectations.
Preparatory Stage
The viewpoints, attitudes, and expectations of society as a whole or of a community of people of whom we are aware and who are important to us.
Generalized others
According to Freud, this is the part of the self that represents society's norms and moral values learned primarily from parents
Superego
The process by which adults learn new statuses and roles
Adult Socialization
Exposure to ides or values that in one way or another conflict with what was learned in childhood
Resocialization
An individuals changing yet enduring personal identity
Self
The patterns of behavior and ways of thinking and feeling that are distinctive for each individual
Personality
Learning to have meaningful interactions and affectionate bonds with others
Social attachments
Through experiments with dogs, he demonstrated that behavior could be conditioned
Ivan Pavlov
Linked a certain reaction (fear) with an object (rabbit) through repetition, therby demonstrating that humans could be conditioned
John B. Watson
Coined the term sociobiology and was its major advocate as an explanation of human behavior
Edward O. Wilson
Argued for a cultural interpretation of human behavior as opposed to a sociobiological interpretation
Stephen Jay Gould
Illustrated the harmful effects of social isolation through his experiments with rhesus monkeys
Harry Harlow
In his studies of children, he demonstrated they moved through predictable stages of identity developments
Jean Piaget
Maintained the moral thinking developed through five to six distinctive stages
Lawrence Kohlberg
Discussed the importance of the peer group as a molding force for adolescents in his work The Lonely Crowd
David riesman
Argued that the individuals inner, spontaneous self and society's demands were in continual conflict
Sigmund Freud
Proposed a developmental model for adult socialization.
Daniel Levinson