Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Umayyad Empire included _____, _____, and _____ by the 700s.
parts of Asia, Africa and Europe
Having a _____ allowed people throughout the empire to communicate with each other.
common language
The belief that the Umayyads did not ______ led to revolts.
take their relgious duties seriously
Because of _____, the most talented people were able to participate in government and cultural life.
The human form was not used in Muslim art because they believed it would _____.
distract them from their faith
Muslim scholars developed the _____ which we still use today.
Arabic number system
The _____ believed they should be caliphs because they were descendents of Muhammad.
Many _____ came to Cordoba because it was a great cultural center with many libraries.
Muslim _____ fighting for control of al-Andalus brought about its downfall.
The _____ were most responsible for Rome's unrest and war in the final years of the republic.
Competition over _____ is the best explanation for the Punic Wars.
The Nile was great for trade because it was easy to travel _____.
north and south
Archaeologists have used _____ to learn about Roman art and culture.
The end of Roman expansion brought about an end to _____.
new sources of income
Leo III banned _____ because he viewed them as idols.