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14 Cards in this Set

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asexual reproduction
reproduction in which a new organism is produced from a single parent
chromosomes
threadlike strands of DNA and protein in a cell nucleus and carry the code for inherited characteristics of an organism
DNA
an acid in the nuclei of cells that codes and stores genetic information
egg
in organisms that reproduce sexually the gamete from the female parent
fertilization
in organisms that reproduce sexually the fussion of two gametes
gene
a region of DNA that directs the makin oif a specific protein thus controlling traits that are passed to offspring
meisosis
the divsion the the cell nucleus to produce sex cells
mitosis
the process by which a nucleus divides into two nuclei each containing the same number of chromosomes that the parent cell had
mutation
any permanent change in the genetic material of the cell
RNA
carries codes for making proteins
sexual reproduction
a type of reproduction in which a new organism is produced by combining sex cells from two parents
sperm
the gamete or reproductive cell from the males parent produced by the testes
transgenic organism
organisms that contain genetic information from another species
zygoyte
in organisims that reproduce sexually the cell that forms in fertilization