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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adjustive demands placed on an individual or group.
Effect created within an organism by the application of a stressor
Coping strategies
Efforts to deal with stress.
Positive stress.
Negative stress, associated with pain, anxiety, or sorrow.
A stressful situation that approaches or exceeds the adaptive capacities of an individual or group.
Stress tolerance-
A person’s ability to withstand stress without becoming seriously impaired.
Task-oriented response-
When a person feels competent to handle a stressful situation-Behavior directed primarily toward dealing with the requirements posed by a stressor.
Defense-oriented response-
When a person feels inadequate to deal with a stressor. Behavior direct primarily at protecting the self from hurt and disorganization, rather than at resolving the stressful situation.
Personality decomposition-
Lowering of adaptive psychosocial functioning in the face of sustained or severe stressors.
General adaptation syndrome-
A three-stage model that helps explain the course of a person’s biological decompensaiton under excessive stress and that consists of alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion.
Field of study whose focus is on the effects of stressors on the immune system.
Adjustment disorder-
A disorder in which a person’s response to a common stressor is maladaptive and occurs within 3 months of the stressor.
Acute stress disorder-
Disorder following a traumatic event that involves three or more dissociative symptoms ( sense of numbing or detachment, reduction in awareness of surroundings, derealization, depersonalization, and/or dissociative amnesia) and that occurs within 4 weeks of the event and lasts for a minimum of 2 days and a maximum of 4 weeks.
Post-traumatic stress disorder-
Disorder that involves the same symptoms as acute stress disorder and occurs following an extreme traumatic stress but in which the person show symptoms that last longer than 4 weeks.
Disaster syndrome-
Common reactions of many victims of a major catastrophe during the traumatic experience as well as the initial reactions after it and long-lasting complications.
Stress-inoculation training-
Preventive strategy that prepares people to tolerate an anticipated threat by changing the things they say to themselves before the crisis.
Crisis intervention-Problem-
focused counseling approach that tries to provide psychological help to an individual or group after the stressful event is over.
What are 4 factors that predispose a person to stress?
1. Nature of the stressor 2. The person's perception of the stressor 3. The individual's stress tolerance 4. A lack of external resources and social support
What are two ocmmon types of defense-oriented responses?
1. Psychological Damage repair repsonses such as crying and mourning. 2. Ego-or self-defense responses such as denial and repression.
How does stress effect the sympathetic nervous system?
Increase heart rate, blood flow, and blood sugar. Pupil dilate and skin constricts.
How does stress effect the immune system?
Stress impact through the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal gland. Causes suppresion of immune system. Corticosteroid levels increase. Vulnerable to catching communicable diseases and to depression.
What is the difference between Acute stress diorder and post-traumatic stress disorder?
The severity of the symptoms and the timing of their occurence.
What is the difference between acute and delayed post-traumatic stress disorder?
Acute-if the symptoms begin within 6 months of the traumatic event. Delayed if symptoms begin 6 months after the traumatic event.
What are the three stages of a disaster syndrome?
1. Shock stage-victim is stunned, dazed, apathetic. 2. Suggestible stage-the victim tends to be passive, suggestible, and wlling ot take direction from rescue workers or others. 3. Recovery stage-the victim may be tense and apprehensive and shows generalized anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder in this stage.
What are some causal factors in PTSD? Whether or not someone develops it?
1. personaility 2. Nature of the traumatic stressor 3. Women greater likelihood.
What is the most frequent cause of PTSD in women?
Stranger rape
A rape in which the victim does not know that offender--the victim is likely to experience strong fear of phsycial harm and death.
Acquaintance Rape
May feel not only fear but also betrayal be someone she had trusted. She may feel more responsible for what happened and greater guilt. Also more hesitnat to seek help or report the rape.
Rape affects women in 5 areas of life functioning?
1. Phsycial distribances-anxiousness 2. emotional problems-anxiety, depressed mood, and low self-esteem 3. cognitive dysfunction-intrusive thoughts and disturbed concentration 4. Atypical behaviors including agression, substance abuse 5. Interference in social relationships, sexual and intimacy problems
Long term effects of rape?
Anxiety, depression, withdrawal, and relationships problems.
Three levels of experienced stress among Vietnam veterans?
1. Exposure to combat 2. Exposure to violence 3. participatoin in abusive violence.