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119 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cytoplasm
gel- like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but is contained within the cell membrane
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell divides
diagnosis
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, laboratory and clinical test results, and radiographic procedures
endoscope
instrument consisting of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollow organ or cavity
etiology
study of the causes of disease
fluoroscope
instrument, consisting of an x-ray machine and a fluorescent screen, used to view the internal organs of the body
idiopathic
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis, or disease without recognizable cause, as of spontaneous origin
metabolism
chemical changes tha take place in a cell or an organism and produce energy and basic materials needed for all life processes
prognosis
prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimated chance of recovery
sign
any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or a disordered function of the body
symptom
any change in the body or its functions as perceived by the patient
midsagittal (median)
right and left halves
coronal (frontal)
anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) aspects
transverse (horizontal)
Superior (upper) and inferior (lower) aspects
cranial
brain
spinal
spinal cord
thoracic
heart, lungs, and associated structures
abdominopelvic
digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures
right upper (RUQ)
right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, part of the small and large intestines.
left upper (LUQ)
LEFT LOBE OF LIVER, STOMACH, SPLEEN, PART OF PANCREAS, PART OF SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES
RIGHT LOWER (RLQ)
PART OF THE SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES, APPENDIX, RIGHT OVARY, RIGHT FALLOPIAN TUBE, RIGHT URETER
LEFT LOWER (LLQ)
PART OF THE SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES, LEFT OVARY, LEFT FALLOPIAN TUBE, LEFT URETER
LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC
UPPER LEFT REGION BENEATH THE RIBS
EPIGASTRIC
REGION ABOVE THE STOMACH
RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC
UPPER RIGHT REGION BENEATH THE RIBS
LEFT LUMBAR
LEFT MIDDLE LATERAL REGION
UMBILICAL
REGION OF THE NAVAL
RIGHT LUMBAR
RIGHT MIDDLE LATERAL REGION
LEFT INGUINAL (ILIAC)
LEFT LOWER LATERAL REGION
HYPOGASTRIC
LOWER MIDDLE REGION BENEATH THE NAVAL
RIGHT INGUINAL (ILIAC)
RIGHT LOWER LATERAL REGION
ABDUCTION
MOVEMENT AWAY FROM THE MEDIAN PLANE OF THE BODY OR ONE OF ITS PARTS
ADDUCTION
MOVEMENT TOWARD THE MEDIAN PLANE OF THE BODY
MEDIAL
PERTAINING TO THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY STRUCTURE
LATERAL
PERTAINING TO A SIDE
SUPERIOR (CEPHALAD)
TOWARD THE HEAD OR UPPER PORTION OF A STRUCTURE
INFERIOR (CAUDAL)
AWAY FROM THE HEAD, OR TOWARD THE TAIL OR LOWER PART OF A STRUCTURE
PROXIMAL
NEARER TO THE CENTER (TRUNK OF THE BODY) OR FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT TO THE BODY
DISTAL
FURTHER FROM THE CENTER (TRUNK OF THE BODY) OR FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT TO THE BODY
ANTERIOR (VENTRAL)
NEAR THE FRONT OF THE BODY
POSTERIOR (DORSAL)
NEAR THE BACK OF THE BODY
PARIETAL
PERTAINING TO THE OUTER WALL OF THE BODY CAVITY
VISCERAL
PERTAINING TO THE VISCERA, OR INTERNAL ORGANS, ESPECIALLY THE ABDOMINAL ORGANS
PRONE
LYING HORIZONTAL WITH THE FACE DOWNWARD, OR INDICATING THE HAND WITH PALMS TURNED DOWNWARD
SUPINE
LYING ON THE BACK WITH THE FACE UPWARD, OR INDICATING THE POSITION OF THE HAND OR FOOT WITH THE PALM OR FOOT FACING UPWARD
INVERSION
TRUNING INWARD OR INSIDE OUT
EVERSION
TURNING OUTWARD
PALMAR
PERTAINING TO THE PALM OF THE HAND
PLANTAR
PERTAINING TO THE SOLE OF THE FOOT
SUPERFICIAL
TOWARD THE SURFACE OF THE BODY
DEEP
AWAY FROM THE SURFACE OF THE BODY (INTERNAL)
CYT/O
CELL
HIST/O
TISSUE
NUCLE/O
NUCLEUS
KARY/O
NUCLEUS
ANTER/O
ANTERIOR, FRONT
CAUD/O
TAIL
CRANI/O
CRANIUM (SKULL)
DIST/O
FAR, FARTHEST
DORS/O
BACK (OF BODY)
INFER/O
LOWER, BELOW
LATER/O
SIDE
MEDI/O
MIDDLE
POSTER/O
BACK (OF BODY), BEHIND, POSTERIOR
PROXIM/O
NEAR, NEAREST
VENTR/O
BELLY, BELLY SIDE
ABDOMIN/O
ABDOMEN
CERVIC/O
NECK; CERVIC UTERI (NECK OF UTERUS)
CRANI/O
CRANIUM (SKULL)
GASTR/O
STOMACH
ILI/O
ILIUM (LATERAL, FLARING PORTION OF HIP BONE)
INGUIN/O
GROIN
LUMB/O
LOINS, LOWER BACK
UMBILIC/O
NAVEL
PELV/I
PELVIS
PELV/O
PELVIS
SPIN/O
SPINE
THORAC/O
CHEST
ALBIN/O
WHITE
LEUK/O
WHITE
CHLOR/O
GREEN
CHROM/O
COLOR
CIRRH/O
YELLOW
JAUND/O
YELLOW
XANTH/O
YELLOW
CYAN/O
BLUE
ERYTHR/O
RED
MELAN/O
BLACK
POLI/O
GRAY; GRAY MATTER (OF BRIAN OR SPINAL CORD)
ACR/O
EXTREMITY
ETI/O
CAUSE
FASCI/O
BAND, FASCIA (FIBROUS MEMBRANE SUPPORTING AND SEPARATING MUSCLES)
IDI/O
UNKNOWN, PECULIAR
MORPH/O
FORM, SHAPE, STRUCTURE
PATH/O
DISEASE
RADI/O
RADIATION, X-RAY; RADIUS (LOWER ARM BONE ON THUMB SIDE)
SOMAT/O
BODY
SON/O
SOUND
VISCER/O
INTERNAL ORGANS
XER/O
DRY
-LOGY
STUDY OF
-LOGIST
SPECIALIST IN THE STUDY OF
-GENESIS
FORMING, PRODUCING, ORIGIN
-GNOSIS
KNOWING
-GRAM
RECORD, WRITING
-GRAPH
INSTRUMENT FOR RECORDING
-GRAPHY
PROCESS OF RECORDING
-METER
INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING
-METRY
ACT OF MEASURING
-PATHY
DISEASE
AB-
FROM, AWAY FROM
AD-
TOWARD
INFRA-
BELOW, UNDER
HETERO-
DIFFRENT
HOMEO-
SAME, ALIKE
PERI-
AROUND
SUPER-
UPPER, ABOVE
TRANS-
ACROSS, THROUGH
ULTRA-
EXCESS, BEYOND