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14 Cards in this Set

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Delegated Powers
The powers, also called enumerated or expressed powers, that are specifically granted to the federal government by the constitution.
Implied powers
Those delegated powers of the national government that are not specifically stated in the constitution, but that are implied by the interpretation of the elastic clause
Elastic clause
the clause in the constitution that allows congress to pass laws as necessary to carry out its authorized powers; also called the necessary and proper clause
Inherent powers
The powers, usually in foreign affairs, that grow out of the very existence of the national government.
Reserved powers
The powers that the constitution set aside for the state government.
Concurrent powers
The powers that both national and state governments have.
Prohibited powers
The powers that are denied to the federal government, the state government, or both; also called restricted powers.
Full faith and credit clause
The clause in the constitution stating that acts or documents considered legal in one state must be accepted as valid in all other states.
Extradition
The legal process in which an alleged criminal is returned to the state or country where the crime was committed.
Grants-in-aid
Federal funds given to a state or local government for a particular project or program.
Categorical grants
A type of grant-in-aid given by the federal government to a state for specific purpose.
Block grants
A type of grant-in-aid given by the federal government to a state for a general purpose, such as fighting crime or improving education.
Revenue sharing
Government financing in which money collected in federal income tax is distributed to state and local governments.
Mandate
A rule issued by the federal government to the states.