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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Major Functions
-produces germ cell or ovum
-produces hormones
-houses and supports developmental fetus
estrogen
hormone responsible for initiating maturation of ova
progesterone
hormone that prepares the uterus for fetal development and the breasts for lactation
homologous
structures coming from same embryological tissue
homologous
structures coming from same embryological tissue

examples
testes/ovaries
analogous
structures having the same function

examples:
testes/ovaries
suspensory ligament of ovary
-double layer of peritoneum where ovarian vessels and nerves reach the ovary from the lateral wall of the body
-attaches ovary to body wall
ovary
-produce ova and female hormones
-primary reproductive structures
-size and shape of almond in shell
ovum
female germ cell thats released from suface of ovary in to peritoneal sac where it then passes into uterine tube into uterus to be fertilized
broad ligament
double fold of peritoneum that hangs from uterin tube, ovary, and ovarian ligament
uterine tube
or fallopian tube is a muscular tube for passage of ova from peritoneal cavity to uterus
uterus
-about 3 in. long
-hollow, muscular, pearl-shaped organ that houses developing fetus
-during pregnancy is capable of enlarging 20 times original size
round ligament of uterus
-direct continuation of ovarian ligament
-passes thru inguinal canal and fuses with the tissue of labia majora
hyster-
-metrium
pertaining to uterus
fundus of uterus
portion directed into the abdominal cavity covered by visceral peritoneum
isthmus
narrowest segment of uterine tube nearest to uterus
ampulla
middle section enlargement of uterine tube, site where fertilization occurs
infundibulum
wider termination of uterine tube furthest from uterus
fimbrae surroud opening
fimbrae
-fingerlike extensions of infundibulum
-help propel ova into uterine tube
-peritoneum covering the tube is relected from the fimbriae in to the opening of the tube and is continuous with the lining of the tube
myometrium
body of uterus
mons pubis
mound of fat over the symphysis pubis
clitoris
erectile tissue, homologue of male penis
labia majora
outer, larger fold or lip and homologue of scrotum in male
labia minor
smaller inner lip that comes together ventrally to form clitoris