Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the phases of the perioperative period
preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative
describe preoperative
when the decision to have surgery is made and ends when the clietn is transferred to othe operating table
describe the intraoperative stage
begins when client is transferred to othe operating table and ends when teh client is admitted to the PACU
describe the postoperative stage
begins with admission of clietn to recovery and ends when healing is complere
where are most outpatient surgeries performed
ambulatory surgery centers
what are 4 major preoperative teachings that are important to clients
*information including what will happen when and the client will experince, sensations, discomforts
*psychosocial support to reduce anxiety
*the roles of the client and support people in preoperative prep
*skills training, moving bending, breathing
what is the purpose of the preoperative assesment
prooperative assesment includes collecting reviewing specific client data to dtermine the clients needs
what is done in the preoperative stage by the nurse
*assess the client
*indentify potential and current health problem
*providing preoperative teachings for the client and support people
emergency v/s elective surgery
emeregency=performed immediately to preserve function or life of the client
elective=performed when surgical intervention is the preferred treatment for a condition not immentely life threatening
Purpose of surgical procedures
*diagnostic-confirms or establishes a diagnosis
*palliative-relieves or reduces pain or sympton of a disease
*ablative=removes a diseased body part
*constructive-restores function that has been lost or reduced
*transplants-reduces malfunctioning structures
major surgery v/s minor surgery
major surgery involves a high degree of risk, large losses of blood, vital organs may be involved
minor surgery-normally little risk produces few complications often performed in a day
what clients have a high surgical risk
*age
*mental status
*general health
*nutritional status
*medications
what is the nursing diagnosis for the preoperative period what are things that nurses ask patients
*current halth status
*ALLERGIES
*MEDICATIONS
*PREVIOUS SURGERIES
*MENTAL STATUS
SMOKING
\*ALCOHOL AND DRUG SUNTANCES
*COPING
*SOCIAL RESOURCES
DISCUSS FACTORS THAT AFFECT PEOPLE ABILITY TO PROTECT THEMSELVES
AGE AND DEVELOPMENT
*LIFESTYLE
*MOBILITY AND HEALTH STATUS
*SENSORY PERCEPTUALL ALTERATIONS
*COGNITIVE AWARENESS
*EMOTIONAL STATE
*ABILITY TO COMMIUNICATE
*SAFETY AWARENESS
*ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
DEFINE ENVIROMENTAL SAFETY FACTORS
YIOUR HOME NEEDS TO BE SAFE , WELL MAINTAINED CAARPETS AND FLOOR, ADEQUATE STREET LIGHTINGING, SAFE AND WATER SEWER TREATMENT, SAFE AND SECURE COMMUNITY IN THE WORKPLACE, SAFE MACHINERY.
DEFINE THE FOLLOWING
GERI CHAIR
JACKET OR VEST RESTRAINT
SAFETY STRAP
HAND RESTRAINT
GERI CHAIR- ARESTRAINT USED TO CONFINE THE CLIENT
JACKET AND VEST RESTRAINTS-CAN BE TIED TO THE BED FRAME UNDER THE MATTERESS
SAFETY STRAP-BODY RESTAINTS USED TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF ALL CLIENTS WHO ARE BEING MOVED ON STRETCHERS OR IN WHEELCHAIRS
HAND RESTRAINTS-USED TO PREVENT CONFUSED CLIENTS FROM USING THEIR HANDS OR FINGERS TO SCRATCH AND INJURE THEMSELVES
MUMMY RESTRAINT-
LIST INTERVENTIONS TO IMPROVE INFANT SAFETY
USE FEDERALLY APPROVED CARS SEATS, IN THE BACK SEAT FACING BACKWARD, CHECK TEMP OF INFANTS BATH WATER, HOLD INFANT UPRIGHT WHEN FEEDING , GIVE LARGE SOFT TOYS WITH NO SMALL DETACHABLE ITEMS, NO PLANTS
NURSING INTERVENTION TO MEET THE DESIRED OUTCOMES ARE LARGERLY DIRECTED TOWARD HELPING THE CLIETN AND FAMILTO TO ACCOMPLISH THE FOLLOWING
*IDENTIFY ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN HOME AND COMMUNITY
*DEMOSNSTRATE SAFETY PRACTICES APPROPIATE TO THE HOME HELATH CARE AGENCY, COMMUNITY AND WORKPLACE
*EXPERIENCE A DECREASE IN THE FREQUENCY OR SEVERITY OF INJURY
*DEMONSRATE SAFE CHILD BEARING PRACTICES OR LIFESTYLE PRACTICES
WHT TWO AGE GROUPS ARE AT RISK FOR FALLS
INFANTS AND OLDER ADULTS
FALLS ARE THE LEADING CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS AMONG OLDER ADULTS
THE MAJOR REASON FOR POISONING IN CHILDREN
ARE INADEQUATE SUPERVISION AND IMPROPER STORAGE