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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CELL JUNCTION
CONNECTION BETWEEN CELLS THAT HOLDS THEM TOGETHER AS A UNIT
DIFFERENTIATION
A PROCESS IN WHICH THE CELLS OF A MULTICELLULAR INDIVIDUAL BECOME SPECIALIZED DURING DEVELOPMENT
INVERTEBRATE
AN ANIMAL WITHOUT A BACKBONE
NEURON
A CELL THAT TRASMITS ELECTRICAL SIGNALS
SPECIALIZATION
THE DIFFERENTIATION OF A CELL FOR A PARTICULAR FUNCTION
VERTEBRATE
AN ANIMAL WITH A BACKBONE
ZYGOTE
THE DIPLOID CELL THAT RESULTS FROM THE FUSION OF GAMETES
ANTERIOR
THE FRONT END OF A BILATERALLY SYMMETRICAL ORGANISM
BILATERAL SYMMETRY
IN ANIMALS A BODY PLAN IN WHICH THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES MIRROR EACH OTHER
CEPHALIZATION
CONCENTRATION OF NERVE TISSUE AND SENSORY ORGANS AT THE ANTERIOR END OF AN ORGANISM
CHORDATE
AN ANIMAL THAT AT SOME STAGE OF ITS LIFECYCLE HAS A DORSAL NERVE A NOTOCHORD AND PHARANGEAL POUCHES SUCH AS MAMMALS BIRDS REPTILES AMPHIBIANS FISH AND SOME MARINE LOWER FORMS
DORSAL
THE TOP OF A BILATERALLY SYMMETRICAL ANIMAL
DORSAL NERVE CORD
A NEUTRAL TUBE DORSAL TO THE NOTOCHORD
GERM LAYER
A SPECIFIC LAYER OF CELLS IN AN EMBRYO WHICH SPECIFIC ORGAN SYSTEMS ARE DEIVERED
NOTOCHORD
A FLEXIBLE ROD OF TISSUE FOUND IN THE DORSAL PART OF CHORDATES
PHARYNGEAL POUCH
A SMALL OUTPOCKET OF THE ANTERIOR GUT IN A CHORDATE
POSTANAL TAIL
CONSISTS OF MUSCLE TISSUE AND LIES BEHIND THE POSTERIOR OPENING OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
POSTERIOR
THE BACK OR DORSAL SIDE OF AN ORGANISM
RADICAL SYMMETRY
IN ANIMALS AN ARRANGEMENT OF BODY PARTS AROUND A CENTRAL AXIS
SYMMETRY
STIMULI FROM ALL DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS
VENTRAL
THE BOTTOM OF A BILATERALLY SYMMETRICAL ORGANISM
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
THE SYSTEM THAT DISTRIBUTES OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS TO CELLS IN ALL PARTS OF THE BODY
CLOSED CIRULATORY SYSTEM
A SYSTEM IN WHICH BLOOD IS CONTAINED WITHIN VESSELS AS IN THE HUMAN CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
DIRECT DEVELOPMENT
YOUNG ANIMAL IS BORN WITH SAME APPEARANCE AS AN ADULT NO LARVAL STAGE OCCURS
ENDOSKELETON
AN INTERNAL SKELETON
EXOSKELETON
THE HARD EXTERNAL COVERING OF SPME INVERTEBRATES THAT PROVIDE PROTECTION AND SUPPORT
GAS EXCHANGE
WHERE CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE BLOOD MUST BE EXCHANGED BY OXYGEN
GILL
IN MUSHROOMS ONE OF THE RADIATING ROWS ON THE UNDERSIDE OF THE CAP IN ANIMALS AN ORGAN SPECIALIZED FOR THE EXCHANGE OF GASES WITH WATER
GUT
DIGESTIVE TRACT
INTEGUMENT
IN PLANTS ONE OR TWO OUTER LAYERS OF THE OVULE IN ANIMALS THE OUTER COVERING
KIDNEY
AN EXCETORY ORGAN IN WHICH WASTES ARE FILTERED FROM THE BLOOD
LARVA
AN IMMATURE FORM OF AN ORGANISM THAT IS MORPHOLOGICALLY DISTINCT FROM THAT OF AN ADULT
LUNG
THE RESPIRATORY ORGAN WHERE GAS EXCHANGE OCCURS
OPEN CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
A SYSTEM IN WHICH THE CIRCULATORY FLUID IS NOT CONATINED ENTIRELY WITHIN VESSELS
SEGMENTATION
DIVISION OF BODY INTO UNITS
VERTEBRA
ONE OF THE REPEATING BONY UNITS OF THE BACKBONE
ACOELOMATE
AN ANIMAL WITHOUT A COELOM OR BODY CAVITY OR BODY CAVITY
BLASTOCOEL
THE CENTRAL CAVITY OF A BLASTULA
BLASTOPORE
A DEPRESSION FORMED WHEN CELLS OF THE BLASTULA MOVE FOWARD
BLASTULA
A HOLLOW BALL OF CELLS FORMED WHEN A ZYGOTE UNDERGOES REPEATED CYCLES OF CELL DIVISION
CLEAVAGE
THE DIVISIONS OF THE ZYGOTE IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING FERTILIZATION
COELOM
A BODY CAVITY FORMED WITHIN THE MESODERM
COELOMATE
ANIMALS WITH A TRUE COELOM
DETERMINE CLEAVAGE
A PROCESS IN WHICH EACH CELL DEVELOPS INTO A SPECIFIC PART OF THE GASTRULA
DEUTEROSTOME
AN ORGANISM IN WHICH THE BLASTOPORE DEVELOPS INTO THE ANUS AND THE COELOM ARISES BT ENTEROCOELY AND WHOSE EMBRYO HAS INDERTERMINATE CLEAVAGE
ECTODERM
THE OUTERMOST OF THE THREE GERM LAYERS OF THE GASTRULA THAT DEVELOPS INTO THE EPIDERMIS AND EPIDERMAL TISSUES, NERVOUS SYSTEM, EXTERNAL SENSE PRGANS, AND THE MUCOUS MEMBRANES LINING THE MOUTH AND ANUS
ENDODERM
THE INTERMOST THREE GERM LAYERS
ENTEROCOELY
THE PROCESS OF MESODERM FORMATION IN DEUTEROSTOMES IN WHICH THE COELOM FORMS IN FOLDED MESODERM
GASTRULA
THE CUP SHAPED EMBRYO FORMED AS THE BLASTULA FOLDS INWARD
GASTRULATION
MULTILAYERED EMBRYO
INDETERMINATE CLEAVAGE
A PATTERN OF DEVELOPMENT IN WHICH THR FUNCTIONAL DESTINY OF EACH C ELL IS NOT DETERMINED EARLY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EMBRYO
MESODERM
A LAYER OF CELLS IN THE GASTRULA THAT GIVES RISE TO MUSCLES AND TO INTERIOR BODY LININGS
PROTOSTOME
AN ORGANISM IN WHICH THE BLASTOPORE DEVELOPS INTO THE MOUTH AND THE COELOM ARISES BY SCHIZOCOELY AND WHOSE EMBRYO HAS DETERMINATE CLEAVAGE
PSEUDOCOELOM
IN ANIMALS A CAVITY BETWEEN THE MESODERM AND THE ENDODERM
PSEUDOCOELOMATE
A RETRACTILE TEMPORARY CYTOPLASMIC EXTENSION THAT FUNCTIONS IN MOVEMENT IN CERTAIN AMEBOID ORGANISMS
RADIAL CLEAVAGE
IN DEUTEROSTOMES THE DIVISION OF CELLS PARALLEL TO OR AT RIGHT ANGLES TO THE POLAR AXIS OF A FERTILIZED EGG
SCHIZOCOELY
THE METHOD OF COELOM FORMATION IN PROTOSTOMES THAT INVOLVES SPLITTING EMBRYONIC MESODERM INTO TWO LAYERS
SPIRAL CLEAVAGE
IN PROTOSTOMES THE DIVISION OF CELLS IN A SPIRAL ARRANGEMENT
ACOELOMATE
FLATWORMS
INGESTION
ANIMAL TAKES IN ORGANIC MATERIAL USUALLY IN THE FORM OF OTHER LIVING THINGS
HERMAPHRODITE
PRODUCES BOTH MALE AND FEMALE GAMETES ALLOWING SINGLE INDIVIDUAL TO FUNCTION AS BOTH MALE AND FEMALE