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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin
A period of not breathing
A method of assessing level of consciousness by determining whether the patient is awake and alert, responsive to verbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive; used principally early in the assessment
AVPU scale
Turning white
Slow heart rate, less than 60 beats/min
Slow respiratory rate; ominous sign in a child that indicates impending respiratory arrest.
The amount of time that it takes for blood to return to the capillary bed after applying pressure to the skin or nailbed; indicates the status of end-organ perfusion; reliable in children younger than 6 years.
capillary refill time (CRT)
Pulses that are closest to the core (central) part of the body where the vital organs are located; include the carotid, femoral, and apical pulses.
central pulses
Crackling, rattling breath sounds signaling fluid in the air spaces of the lungs.
An infectious disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually seen in children.
A bluish-gray skin color that is caused by reduced levels of oxygen in the blood
The status of perfusion to the vital organs of the body; determined by assessing capillary refill time (CRT).
end-organ perfusion
An infectious disease in which the epiglottis becomes inflamed and enlarged and may cause upper airway obstruction.
An "uh" sound heard during exhalation; reflects the child''s attempt to keep the alveoli open; a sign of increased work of breathing
The head lifts and tilts back during inspiration, then moves forward during expiration; a sign of increased work of breathing
head bobbing
A dark green material in the amniotic fluid that can indicate disease in the newborn; the meconium can be aspirated into the infant''s lungs during delivery; the baby''s first bowel movement
The external openings of the nostrils. A single nostril opening is called a naris.
Flaring out of the nostrils, indicating that there is an airway obstruction
nasal flaring
A structured assessment tool that allows you to rapidly form a general impression of the infant or child without touching him or her; consists of assessing appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin.
pediatric assessment triangle (PAT)
A tape used to estimate an infant or child''s weight on the basis of length; appropriate drug doses and equipment sizes are listed on the tape
pediatric resuscitation tape measure
Movements in which the skin pulls in around the ribs during inspiration.
The central divider in the nose
An unusually upright position in which the patient''s head and chin are thrust slightly forward
sniffing position
A harsh, high-pitched, crowing inspiratory sound, such as the sound often heard in acute laryngeal (upper airway) obstruction
Rapid respirations
A condition in which the skin remains depressed after you remove your finger; indicates dehydration.
The amount of air that is exchanged with each breath
tidal volume
The small, rounded, fleshy bulge that lies immediately anterior to the ear canal
A time period that allows the infant or child to become familiar with you and your equipment; only appropriate if the child''s condition is stable
transition phase
An upright position in which the patient leans forward onto two arms stretched forward and thrusts the head and chin forward.
tripod position
A high-pitched, whistling breath sound, characteristically heard on expiration in patients with asthma or COPD.
An indicator of oxygenation and ventilation. Work of breathing reflects the child''s attempt to compensate for hypoxia.
work of breathing
The narrow, cartilaginous lower tip of the sternum
xiphoid process