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11 Cards in this Set

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Chitin
"hard-shell", a polysaccharide
Chytridiomycota
The earliest diverging fungal group; possess flagellated gametes; either parasitic or saprobic; some are unicellular; allomyces displays alternation of generations
Zygomycota
Reproduce sexually by fission of 2 gametangia; have coenocytic hyphae; does not form fleshy fruiting structure; sporangiophores; 900 species described; Example: Rhizopus stolonifer
Ascomycota
Production of sacs called asci which contain sexually produced ascospores; penicillin
Hemiascomycetes
Bakers or Brewer's yeast, S. cerevisiae (ethanol and carbon)
Euascomycetes
Molds, Neurospora, Beadle and Tatum, parasites on flowering plants, (Chestnut blight and Dutch elm disease), cup fungi, truffles, morels
Basidiomycota
Puffballs, mushrooms, giant bracket fungi (trees), Armillariella in Michigan (37 acres)
Basidium
A swollen cell at the tip of the hypha (site of nuclear fission and meiosis)
Deuteromycetes
Imperfect fungi
Mycorrhizae
Essential to many plants; the evolution was the single most important step leading to the colonization of the terrestrial environment by living things
Rhizoids
Certain modified hyphae; anchor chytrids and some other fungi to their substratum (the dead organism or other matter upon which they feed)