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16 Cards in this Set

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Plasma
The state of matter that does not have a definite shape and in which the particles have broken apart
Energy
The ability to change or move matter
Thermal Energy
The total kinetic energy of the particles that make up an object
Evaporation
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
Sublimation
The process by which a solid turns directly into a gas
Condensation
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
Fluid
Anything with the ability to flow
Buoyant Force
The upward force that fluids exert on matter
Pressure
The amount of force exerted on a given area
Archimedes' Principle
States that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is an upward force equal to the weight of the fluid that the object displaces
Pascal (Pa)
The SI Unit for pressure. One pascal is the force of one newton exerted over the area of 1 square meter. (1N/m2)
Pascal's Principle
States that a change in pressure at any point in an enclosed fluid will be equally transmitted to all parts of the fluid
Viscosity
A liquid's resistance to flow
Boyle's Law
States that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volume increases as the pressure decreases
Charles's Law
States that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume increases as the temperature increases
Gay-Lussac's Law
States that a fixed amount of gas at a constant volume, the pressure increases as the temperature increases