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28 Cards in this Set

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Erythrocytes
red blood cells
Leukocytes
white blood cells
Granulocytes
cells with dark-staining granules in their cytoplasm.
3 Types of Granulocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
granules stain dark red
Basophils
granules stain blue
Neutrophils
Important diease fighting cells

stain blue & red (purple)
Agranulocytes
(w/o dark staining granules.)
are produced by lymph nodes and spleen.
2 Types of Agranulocytes
lymphocytes

monocytes
Lymphocytes
fight diease by producing antibodies.
Momocytes
one very large necleus
Thrombocytes
paltelets; clotting cells
Anemia
literllay means no blood
medical language blood reduction: reduction in erythrocytes or hemoglobin in circulataing blood.
Aplastic anemia
Severe type in which the bone marrow fails to produce erythrocytes
Ischemia
to Hold back blood from a part of the body.
Hernia
a bulging forth, or protrusion, of an organ.
Rectocele
the protrusion of a portion of the rectum toward the vagina.
Cystocele
the protrusion of part of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall.
Steptococcus
berry shaped bacterium that grow in twisted chains
Staphlycocci
are bacteria (bery-shaped) that grow in small clusters, like grapes.
Diplococci
bacertia organized in pairs.
Pneumococci
most common cause of pneumonia
Gono
seed
Gonococci
invade the reproductive organs and cause gonorrhea
Acromegaly
Endocrine disorder;
an excessive amount of growth hormone after (the completion of) puberty.
Achondroplasia
an inherited disorder in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size.
Blepharoptosis
drooping of the eyelid.
Laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdominal cavity using a laparoscope.