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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is kinesiology? Functional Anatomy?
The scientific study of human movement.

Considering muscle location, as well as the movement produced by that muscle.
What is anatomical position? Anatomical neutral?
Position of standing erect with the palms facing forward or externally rotated.

Erect, palms facing the body.
What are the 3 planes of motions? How are they defined?
Frontal Plane, Sagittal Plane, Horizontal Plane

FP: divides the body into front and back halves
SP: divides the body into right and left halves
HP: divides the body into top and bottom halves
What is anterior? Posterior? Superior? Inferior?
1. Front of the body relative to another reference point.

2. Back of the body relative to another reference point.

3. Above a reference point.

4. Below a reference point.
What is medial? Lateral? Proximal? Distal?
1. Position relatively closer to the midline of the body.

2. Position relatively farther away from the midline of the body.

3. Position closer to a reference point.

4. Position farther from the reference point.
What is unilateral? Superficial? Deep? Cephalic?
1. Refers to only one side.

2. Near the surface.

3. Further beneath the surface.

4. Toward the head.
What is Caudal? Supine? Prone?
1. Toward the bottom

2. Lying on ones backside.

3. Lying face down.
What is Flexion? Extension?
1. Bending movement where the relative angle between two adjacent segments decrease.

2. Bending movement where the relative angle between to adjacent segments increase.

Both move in Sagittal.
What is Abduction? Adduction?
1. Movement away from the midline of the body.

2. Movement towards the midline of the body.

Both move in Frontal.
What is Internal Rotation? External Rotation.
1. Body parts toward the midline.

2. Body part away from the midline.

Both are in Transverse plane movements.
What are the 4 main movements of the Scapula?
1. Protraction - abduction of the scapula
2. Retraction - adduction of the scapula
3. Elevation - raising of the scapula
4. Depression - lowering of the scapula
What is pronation and supination of the wrist?
1. Movement of forearm where the palm rotates to face backward.

1. Movement of forearm where the palm rotates to face forward
What is pronation and supination of the ankle?
1. Triplane motion of eversion, abduction, and dorsiflexion

2. Triplane motion which combines movements inversion, adduction, and plantarflexion.
What is dorsiflexion? Plantarflexion? Inversion? Eversion?
1. Extension

2. Flexion

3. Inward movement of the sole of the foot.

4. Outward movement of the sole of the foot.
What are the 3 main parts of a muscle? What is sternocleidomastoid?
Belly: bulging part of a muscle

Origin: less moveable attachment (be more then 1 origin)

Insertion: The moveable attachment

The sternum, clavicle, Flex head
What is the primary function of the gastrocnemius and soleus during a calf raise?
Gastro is plantarflexion and knee flexion.

Soleus is plantarflexion.
What are the 4 major muscle groups of the quadriceps? 3 major muscle groups of hamstring?
1. Rectus Femoris
2. Vastus Intermedius
3. Vastus Lateralis
4. Vastus Medialis

1. Biceps Femoris
2. Semi-tendinosus
3. Semimem-branosus
Which muscles would perform hip flexion during a hanging knee raise? Which muscle has the primary function of standing hip abduction?
1. Rectus Femoris, gluteus minimus, psoas major, and lliacus

2. Gluteus Medius
Which muscles both flex and rotate spine?
Which muscle stabilizes via intra-abdominal pressure?
What are the muscles that stabilize the muscle and sine?
1. Internal and External obliques flex and rotate spine.

2. The Transverse abdomius stabilizes via intra-abdominal pressure.