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40 Cards in this Set

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ORGANIC COMPOUND
MADE PRIMARILY OF CARBON ATOMS; COVALENTLY BONDED COMPOUND THAT CONTAINS CARBON, BUT EXCLUDES CARBONATES & OXIDES
INORGANIC COMPOUND
NOT MADE OF CARBON ATOMS;
FUNCTIONAL GROUP
PORTION OF A MOLECULE THAT IS ACTIVE IN A CHEMICAL REACTION; IT DETERMINES THE PROPERTIES OF MANY ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
MONOMER
A SIMPLE MOLECULE THAT CAN COMBINE WITH OTHER LIKE OR UNLIKE MOLECULES TO CREATE A POLYMER
POLYMER
A LARGE MOLECULE THAT IS FORMED BY MORE THAN 5 MONOMERS (OR SMALL UNITS)
MACROMOLECULE
A VERY LARGE ORGANIC MOLECULE (USUALLY A POLYMER) MADE UP OF HUNDREDS OR THOUSANDS OFATOMS
CONDENSATION REACTION
A CHEMICAL REACTION WHERE 2 OR MORE MOLECULES COMBINE TO PRODUCE WATER OR ANOTHER SIMPLE MOLECULE
HYDROLYSIS
A CHEMICAL REACTION BTWN. WATER & ANOTHER SUBSTANCE TO FORM 2 OR MORE NEW SUBSTANCES; A REACTION BTWN. WATER & SALT TO CREATE AN ACID OR BASE
ATP: adenosine triphosphate
AN ORGANIC MOLECULE THAT ACTS AS THE MAIN ENERGY SOURCE FOR CELL PROCESSES; IT IS COMPOSED OF A NITROGENOUS BASE, A SUGAR, & 3 PHOSPHATE GROUPS
CARBON ATOMS
CAN FORM SINGLE, DOUBLE & TRIPLE BONDS;THESE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CAN HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPES/PATTERNS
ORGANIC COMPOUND
MADE PRIMARILY OF CARBON ATOMS; COVALENTLY BONDED COMPOUND THAT CONTAINS CARBON, BUT EXCLUDES CARBONATES & OXIDES
INORGANIC COMPOUND
NOT MADE OF CARBON ATOMS;
FUNCTIONAL GROUP
PORTION OF A MOLECULE THAT IS ACTIVE IN A CHEMICAL REACTION; IT DETERMINES THE PROPERTIES OF MANY ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
MONOMER
A SIMPLE MOLECULE THAT CAN COMBINE WITH OTHER LIKE OR UNLIKE MOLECULES TO CREATE A POLYMER
POLYMER
A LARGE MOLECULE THAT IS FORMED BY MORE THAN 5 MONOMERS (OR SMALL UNITS)
MACROMOLECULE
A VERY LARGE ORGANIC MOLECULE (USUALLY A POLYMER) MADE UP OF HUNDREDS OR THOUSANDS OFATOMS
CONDENSATION REACTION
A CHEMICAL REACTION WHERE 2 OR MORE MOLECULES COMBINE TO PRODUCE WATER OR ANOTHER SIMPLE MOLECULE
HYDROLYSIS
A CHEMICAL REACTION BTWN. WATER & ANOTHER SUBSTANCE TO FORM 2 OR MORE NEW SUBSTANCES; A REACTION BTWN. WATER & SALT TO CREATE AN ACID OR BASE
ATP: adenosine triphosphate
AN ORGANIC MOLECULE THAT ACTS AS THE MAIN ENERGY SOURCE FOR CELL PROCESSES; IT IS COMPOSED OF A NITROGENOUS BASE, A SUGAR, & 3 PHOSPHATE GROUPS
CARBON ATOMS
CAN FORM SINGLE, DOUBLE & TRIPLE BONDS;THESE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CAN HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPES/PATTERNS
CARBOHYDRATE
ANY ORGANIC COMPOUND THAT IS MADE OF CARBON, HYDROGEN, & OXYGEN; PROVIDES NUTRIENTS TO THE CELLS OF LIVING THINGS
MONOSACCHARIDE
A SIMPLE SUGAR THAT IS THE BASIC SUBUNIT (OR MONOMER) OF A CARBOHYDRATE
DISACCHARIDE
A SUGAR FORMED FROM TWO MONOSACCHARIDES
POLYSACCHARIDE
A CARBOHYDRATE THAT IS MADE UP OF LONG CHAINS OF SIMPLE SUGARS; THEY INCLUDE STARCH, CELLULOSE & GLYCOGEN
PROTEIN
AN ORGANIC COMPOUND MADE UP OF ONE OR MORE CHAINS OF AMINO ACIDS; A MAJOR COMPONENT OF ALL CELLS;
AMINO ACID
AN ORGANIC MOLECULE THAT CONTAINS: A CARBOXYL & AN AMINO GROUP; MAKES UP PROTEINS; A PROTEIN MONOMER
PEPTIDE BOND
A CHEMICAL BOND THAT FORMS BTWN. THE CARBOXYL GROUP OF ONE AMINO ACID & THE AMINO GROUP OF ANOTHER AMINO ACID
POLYPEPTIDE
A LONG CHAIN OF SEVERAL AMINO ACIDS
ENZYME
TYPE OF PROTEIN OR RNA MOLECULE THAT SPEEDS UP METABOLIC REACTIONS IN PLANTS/ANIMALS WITHOUT BEING PERMANENTLY CHANGED OR DESTROYED
SUBSTRATE
A PART, SUBSTANCE OR ELEMENT THAT LIES BENEATH OR SUPPORTS ANOTHER PART, SUBSTANCE OR ELEMENT; THE REACTANT IN REACTIONS THAT ENZYMES ARE A CATALYST OF.
ACTIVE SITE
THE SITE ON AN ENZYME THAT ATTACHES TO A SUBTRATE
LIPID
A LARGE NONPOLAR ORGANIC MOLECULE, INCLUDING FATS & STEROIDS; LIPIDS STORE ENERGY & MAKE UP CELL MEMBRANES
FATTY ACID
AN ORGANIC ACID THAT IS CONTAINED IN LIPIDS, SUCH AS FATS & OILS.
PHOSPHOLIPID
A LIPID THAT CONTAINS PHOSPHOROUS; IT IS A STRUCTURAL COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANES
WAX
TYPE OF STRUCTURAL LIPID CONSISTING OF A LONG FATTY ACID CHAIN THAT IS JOINED TO A LONG ALCOHOL CHAIN
STEROID
TYPE OF LIPID THAT CONSISTS OF 4 CARBON RINGS TO WHICH VARIOUS FUNCTIONAL GROUPS ARE ATTACHED; THEY USUALLY HAVE A PHYSIOLOGICAL REACTION
NUCLEIC ACID
AN ORGANIC COMPOUND (EITHER RNA OR DNA) WHOSE MOLECULES ARE MADE UP OF 1 OR 2 CHAINS OF NUCLEOTIDES & CARRY GENETIC INFORMATION
DNA: DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
THE MATERIAL THAT CONTAINS THE INFORMATION THAT DETERMINES INHERITED CHARACTERISTICS
RNA: RIBONUCLEIC ACID
A NATURAL POLYMER THAT IS PRESENT IN ALL LIVING CELLS; PLAYS A ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
NUCLEOTIDE
A SUB-UNIT THAT CONSISTS OF A SUGAR, PHOSPHATE, & NITROGENOUS BASE IN A NUCLEIC-ACID CHAIN