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72 Cards in this Set

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erosion
gnawed away; loss of superficial epidermis leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding
ulcer
an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar; sometimes accompanied by infection
excoriation
scratch mark
crust
dried residue of serum, pus, or blood
scale
a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis
cicatrix
mark left by the healing of a sore or or wound, showing replacement of destroyed tissue by fibrous tissue
keloid
abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue, thick & irregular
telangiectasia
a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole
purpuric lesions
purpura; lesions resulting from hemorrhages into the skin
petechia
spot; reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spot(s) on skin that indicate a bleeding tendency; small purpura
ecchymosis
bruise
nevus
birthmark; mole
dysplastic nevus
a mole w/ precancerous changes
verruca
epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus; wart
alopecia
fox mange; baldness
comedo
blackhead caused by a plug of sebum within opening of hair follicle
eruption
appearance of a skin lesion
erythema
redness of skin
pruritus
severe itching
rash
skin eruption
suppuration
production of purulent matter (pus)
urticaria
hives; eruption of wheals
wheal
area of localized skin edema (swelling)
xeroderma
dry skin
acne
inflammation of sebaceous gland & hair follicles of skin
dermatosis
any disorder of the skin
exanthematous viral disease
eruption of skin caused by viral disease; exanthema=eruption
vesicle
little bladder; elevated, fluid-filled sac within or under epidermis up to .5 cm in diameter --> BLISTER
rubella
German measles
rubeola
14-day measles
eczema
to boil out, interchangeable w/ dermatitis - inflamed, swollen papules & vesicles that crust and scale
furuncle
boil; painful nodule formed by inflammation originating in hair follicle caused by staphycoccosis
carbuncle
skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
abscess
localized collection of pus in cavity formed by inflammation of surrounding tissues - heals when drained or excised
gangrene
eating sore; death of tissue associated w/ a loss of blood supply
herpes simplex virus type 1
transient viral vesicles that infect facial area
herpes simplex virus type 2
sexually transmitted, ulcer-like lesions of genital & anorectal skin and mucosa
herpes zoster
viral disease affecting peripheral nerves
impetigo
highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture & become crusted
keratoses
thickened areas of epidermis
actinic keratoses
localized thckening of skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight
seborrheic keratoses
benign, wartlike tumors
lupus
chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various part of body
systemic lupus erythematosus
severe form of lupus involving skin, joints & often vital organs
malignant cutaneous neoplasm
skin cancer
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of squamous epithelium
basal cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of basal layer of epidermis
malignant melatoma
malignant tumor composed of melanocytes
Kaposis sarcoma
malignant tumor of the walls of blood vessels appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on skin, often spreads to lymph nodes & internal organs
onychia
inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
paronychia
inflammation of nail fold
pediculosis
infestation w/ lice that causes itching and dermatitis
psoriasis
itching; chronic, marked by silver-gray scales covering red patches on skin --> results from overproduction & thickening of skin cells
scabies
contagious disease caused by mites that invades skin causing intense itch --> scabo=to scratch
seborrhea
skin condition marked by hypersecretion of sebum from sebaceous glands
tinea
group of fungal skin diseases identified by body part affected --> tinea corporis, tinea pedis
vitiligo
condition caused by destruction of melanin that results in appearance of white patches on skin
biopsy
removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination
excisional Bx
removal of entire lesion
incisional Bx
removal of selected portion of lesion
culture & sensitivity
isolating & growing colonies of microorganisms to identify pathogen & determine drug to treat
patch test
test in which substance is applied topically to the skin on a small piece of blotting paper or wet cloth
chemosurgery
technique for restoring wrinkled, scarred, or blemished skin by applying acid solution to "peel" away top layers of skin
dermabrasian
surgical removal of epidermis frozen by aerosol spray using wire brushes & emery papers to remove scars, tattoos, or wrinkles
debridement
removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site to promote healing & prevent infection
curettage
cleaning; scraping a wound using a curette, used for debridement
electrocautery
use of instrument heated by electric current to coagulate bleeding areas by burning the tissue
electrodessication
high-frequency electric currents to destroy tissue by drying it --> active electrode touches skin
fulguration
to lighten; use of long, high-frequency, electric sparks to destroy tissue --> active electrode does NOT touch skin
Mohs surgery
technique used to excise tumors of skin by removing fresh tissue layer by layer until a tumor-free plane is reached
homograft
donor transfer btwn persons of same species
anesthetic
drug that termporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensations