Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/15

Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chlorophyll
green pigment required for photosynthesis
catabolism
energy releasing reactions in an organism that result in the breakdown of complex molecules to more simple ones
anabolism
energy requiring reactions that result in the production of complex substances from more simple ones
chitin
carbohydrate material present in the exoskeletons of arthropods and also in the cell walls of some fungi
glycerol
molecule to which three fatty acids are linked to form a lipid (triglyceride)
enzymes
typically, specific proteins that act as catalysts to increase the rate of a particular chemical reaction in living organisms
accessory pigments
pigments, other than chlorophyll, that trap light energy and convert it to chlorophyll
active site
the part of an enzyme molecule the binds with a substrate
adenine
one of the bases (A) found in the nucleotides that are the building blocks of DNA (and RNA)
aerobic cellular respiration
the breakdown of glucose to simple inorganic compounds in the presents of oxygen and with the release of energy that is transfered into ATP (adenosine tri phosphate)
amino acids
nitrogen-containing compounds that are building blocks for proteins
anaerobic respiration
respiraration that occurs without the involvement of oxygen; the end products of anaerobic respiration in human muscle are lactic and carbon dioxide
autotrophic
describes an organism that, given a course of energy, can produce it's own food from simple inorganic substances; also known as a producer
bonds
in biology, forces of attraction between atoms that bring them together to form molcules
glycogen
polysaccharide that is the storage carbohydrate in liver and muscle tissue