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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
green pigment required for photosynthesis
energy releasing reactions in an organism that result in the breakdown of complex molecules to more simple ones
energy requiring reactions that result in the production of complex substances from more simple ones
carbohydrate material present in the exoskeletons of arthropods and also in the cell walls of some fungi
molecule to which three fatty acids are linked to form a lipid (triglyceride)
typically, specific proteins that act as catalysts to increase the rate of a particular chemical reaction in living organisms
accessory pigments
pigments, other than chlorophyll, that trap light energy and convert it to chlorophyll
active site
the part of an enzyme molecule the binds with a substrate
one of the bases (A) found in the nucleotides that are the building blocks of DNA (and RNA)
aerobic cellular respiration
the breakdown of glucose to simple inorganic compounds in the presents of oxygen and with the release of energy that is transfered into ATP (adenosine tri phosphate)
amino acids
nitrogen-containing compounds that are building blocks for proteins
anaerobic respiration
respiraration that occurs without the involvement of oxygen; the end products of anaerobic respiration in human muscle are lactic and carbon dioxide
describes an organism that, given a course of energy, can produce it's own food from simple inorganic substances; also known as a producer
in biology, forces of attraction between atoms that bring them together to form molcules
polysaccharide that is the storage carbohydrate in liver and muscle tissue