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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Sumpturary law
statutes that limited the wearing of fine apparel to the wealthy and prominent.
Navigation Act
established a plantation duty, a sum of money equal to normal English customs duties to be collected on enumerated products at the various colonial ports.
Staple Act
Nothing could be imported to America unless it had first been transshipped through England. : greatly added to the price ultimatley paid by the colonial comsumers
Plantation duty
imposed to close loopholes in commercial regulations
Half Way Covenant
allowed grandchildren of persons in full communion to be baptized even though their parents could not demonstrate conversion.
Nathaniel Bacon
an ambitious young man and substantial planter. Applied for fur trading liscnse, but wasnt patient. Boldly offered to lead a volunteer army against the Indians.
Great Migration
brought approximately 20,000 people to New England.
Charles II
King of England who dispatched a thousand regular soldiers to Virginia when he heard of Bacon's Rebellon.
Royal Africa company
chartered to meet colonial planters demands for black laborers.
Stono Uprising
most serious slave rebellion of the colonial period. 150 south Carolina blacks rose up and murdered several white planters with guns.
Mercantilism
when the dominant commercial powers of Europe adopted economic principles. Competition for the world's rescources.
Sir WIlliam Berkeley
governor of Virginia when Bacon's Rebellion took place.
Economic Gap in the Chesapeake Colony
Chesapeake developed more slowly because of environmental conditions, labor systems, and agrarian economies.
Glorious Revolution
Sir Edmund Andros was overthrown by the bay Colonists. This was known as the Glorious Revolution of New England
Slave Trade
Almost 11 million blacks were carried to the Americas. The Dutch stole a Spanish merchant ship carrying slaves.
Jacob Leisler
A man entangled in events beyond his control. Achieved moderate prosperity. When he heard of the Glorious Revolution, he raised a group of militiamen and seized a local fort in the name of William and Mary. Leader of Leisler's rebellion.
Cotton Mather
A leading congregational minister. Said the colonists were united by the "Most Unanimous Resolution perhaps that was ever known to have Inspir'd any people."
John Winthrop
Governor of New England who provided a marvelous description of the unplanned social mobility that occurred in New England.
Enumerated goods
Good of great value that were not produced in England.
Nat Turner
an American slave who led a slave rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 56 deaths among their victims, the largest number of white fatalities to occur in one uprising in the antebellum southern United States. He gathered supporters in Southampton County, Virginia. Turner's killing of whites during the uprising makes his legacy controversial. For his actions, Turner was convicted, sentenced to death, and executed
Bacon's Rebellion
Led by Nathaniel Bacon who was thrust into political events. he burned Jamestown to the ground. They were demanding substantial reforms. Bacon died of a brief illness, and his followers dispersed.
Jamestown Massacre
Indians "came unarmed into our houses with deer, turkeys, fish, fruits, and other provisions to sell us". Suddenly the Indians grabbed any tools or weapons available to them and killed any English settlers that were in sight, including men, women and children of all ages. Chief Opechancanough led a coordinated series of surprise attacks of the Powhatan Confederacy that killed 347 people, a quarter of the English population of Jamestown
Edmund Andros
Military veteran on tyrannical temperament. Appointed royal governor of many colonies. Compared to the tyrant Nero. Overthrown by the people.
Restoration
the reign of Charles II in England; 1660-1685
King James War
In 1688, James is driven into exile during the Glorious Revolution
William and Mary
joint monarchs of England after the Glorious Revolution. William ruled Holland before accepting the English throne.
Puritan Commonwealth
A highly religious society in which the majority of the population married where the house was a place of work and a couple without land could not support an independent and growing family.