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12 Cards in this Set

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Tracheophytes
Collectively the 7 phyla that possess well-developed vascular systems that transport materials throughout the plant body
Non-Tracheophytes
Referring to the 3 phyla; liverworts, hornworts, and mosses
Mitosis
Nuclear division in eukaryotes leading to the formation of 2 daughter nuclei, each with a chromosome complement identical to that of the original nucleus
Meiosis
Division of a diploid nucleus to produce 4 haploid daughter cells; the process consists of 2 successive nuclear divisions with only 1 cycle of chromosome replication
Cuticle
A waxy covering that retards drying
Phloem
Conducts the products of photosynthesis
Xylem
Conducts water and minerals
Microphyll
A single vascular strand that has departed from the stem without disturbing the stem's vascular tissue
Megaphyll
A larger, more complex leaf found in ferns and seed plants
Heterosporous
The most ancient of the tracheophytes
Homosporous
The plants that bear a single type of spore
Tracheid
The principal water-conducting element in the xylem in all tracheophytes except the angiosperms