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19 Cards in this Set

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Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
dyspnea
A partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space.
pneumothorax
A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
hemothorax
Injury to the chest in which the chest wall itself is penetrated by a fractured rib or some external object.
open chest injury
Rapid respirations.
tachypnea
Compression of the heart due to a buildup of blood or other fluid in the pericardial sac.
pericardial tamponade
Injury to the chest in which the skin is not broken, usually due to blunt trauma.
closed chest injury
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that progressively increases the pressure in the chest with potentially fatal results.
tension pneumothorax
Dressing made of Vaseline gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that prevents air and liquids from entering or exiting a wound.
occlusive dressing
A one-way valve that allows air to leave the chest cavity but not return. Formed by taping three sides of an occlusive dressing to the chest wall, leaving the fourth open as the valve.
flutter valve
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that progressively increases the pressure in the chest with potentially fatal results.
tension pneumothorax
A bruise of the heart muscle.
myocardial contusion
A condition in which three or more ribs are fractured in two or more places, or in association with a fracture of the sternum, so that a segment of chest wall is effectively detached from the rest of the thoracic cage.
flail chest
Pneumothorax that occurs when a weak area on the lung ruptures in the absence of major injury, allowing air to leak into the pleural space.
spontaneous pneumothorax
The spitting or coughing up of blood.
hemoptysis
An open or penetrating chest wall wound through which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound.
sucking chest wound
The motion of the portion of the chest wall that is detached in a flail chest; the motion-in during inhalation, out during exhalation-is exactly the opposite of normal chest wall motion during breathing.
paradoxical motion
A bruise of the lung.
pulmonary contusion
The fibrous sac that surrounds the heart.
pericardium