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40 Cards in this Set

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War production board
increased military production
Office of War Mobilization
coordinated all government agencies involved in the war effort
Selective Training and Service act
provided for the first peacetime draft in US History
Douglas MacArthur
was a general in war he defended the Philippines
Bataan Death March
Japanese marched 70,000 survivors through the jungle to a prison camp 10,000 died
Chester Nimitz
commander of the US Pacific fleet
Battle of Coral Sea
Important allied victory stopped Japanese advance on Australia
Battle of Midway
2nd major battle in the Pacific on June 1942
Erwin Rommel
commander of the German Afrika Korps he was known as the desert fox
Bernard Montgomery
British general fought in Africa
Office of War Information
controlled the flow of war news at home
Rosie the Riveter
symbol of patriotic female defense workers
Philip Randolph
planned a march on Washington, D.C., to protest discrimination against black workers.
Fair Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC) Group created in 1941 to prevent discrimination in war industries and government jobs.
Carlos E. Castaneda
served an assistant to the chair of the FEPC and worked to improve working conditions for Mexican Americans in Texas.
braceros
came north to work in the southwest during World War II.
Zoot-Suit Riots
(1943) Series of attacks by U.S. sailors against Mexican Americans in Los Angeles.
internment
forced relocation and imprisonment, of Japanese Americans living on the Pacific Coast.
Norman Mineta
a nisei from San Jose, California.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
commanded the invasion force of U.S. and British soldiers.
George S. Patton
who had emerged as a leader during the North Africa campaign, guided the U.S. forces.
Battle of the Atlantic
begin to turn in the Allie's favor.
Sonar
An important factor was the refinement of sonar equipment, which uses sound waves to detect underwater objects.
George C. Marshal
U.S. Army chief of staff and key Allied strategist George C. Marshall led the planning.
D-Day
Instead, the Allies landed farther south, in Normandy, on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
Omar Bradley
led the U.S. troops that landed at Normandy.
Holocaust
Nazi Germany's systematic slaughter of European Jews.
genocide
the deliberate annihilation of an entire people.
Elie Wiesel
was one such survivor
Battle of the Bulge
In the resulting Battle of the Bulge some 200,000 Germans attacked an initial U.S. force of about 80,000 troops.
Yalta Conference
to plan for the postwar peace.
Island-Hopping
As early as 1942 the U.S. high command had adopted a strategy of island-hopping.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
the last, largest, and most decisive naval engagement in the Pacific.
Battle of Iwo Jima
945) Six-week struggle for control of a key Pacific island that resulted in an Allied victory.
kamikaze
Three-hundred fifty of these planes were kamikaze, or suicide planes.
Battle of Okinawa
was perhaps the bloodiest of the Pacific war.
Harry S. Truman
the new president faced a grave decision dropped a bombs
Manhattan Project
the effort of a group of scientists who had been working to create an atomic bomb since 1942.
Albert Einstein
In 1933 physicist Albert Einstein moved from Germany to the United States.
Enola Gay
commanded by Colonel Paul Tibbets, dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima.