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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
General Hidecki Tojo
leader of japanese military
Emperor Hirohito
japanese government figurehead
Japanese assets in the US
FDR placed an embargo on gasoline, machine tools, scrap iron, and steel in japan
"Lend-Lease"
FDR sent this to China
Japan's 'peace' message
1. unfreeze all japanese assets in the US
2. supply japan with as much gas as it needs
3. stop all "lend-Lease" aid to china
The Result of the US rejecting the peace message
Pearl Harbor

Victims- 19 US ships (8 battleships)
150 US planes
2400 military and civilians died
2000 wounded
Battle of the Coral Sea
May 1942, British American planes caught a japanese fleet traveling south in the coral sea, they sank and damaged more than 30 japanese war ships
Battle of Midway (turning point)
June 1942, japanese attacked midway island to get to the hawaii mainland and eventually to the US, US navy destroyed there invasion by sinking 4 aircraft carriees while losing 3 themselves
Battle of Guadacanal
august 7 1942, Admiral William "Bull" Halsey intercepted the japanese fleet completly routing them and securing Guadacanal
ESSAY: Japanese Americans (Nisei Problem)
After Pearl Harbor, Americans becamefearful of japanese attack which turned against the nisei (japanese-americans) Most were taken from there homes and put in detention camps, remaining as prisoners, until the war was over. Most lost their homes and businesses. In 1945 they were released and had the right to do as they pleased, in 1948, congress passed an act to help recover there losses
North Africa:Operation Torch
General Rommel of El Alamein in Egypt, defeated by british in north africa, british began driving germand back to Libia, General Montgomery's (British) army drove westward. germans and italians finally surrendered
the invasion of italy
allies constantly bombed sicily and italy from north africa, italians replaced mussolini with marshall pietro badoglio, naples fell to US general mark clark, who liberated Rome for the Allies, as a result the Allies controlled italy from rome to the southern part of italy
the siege of stalingrad
most crucial turning point in the winter of 1943 was the russian front, General Zhukov saved the city and forced the germans to surrender and retreat from russia
D-Day: Operation Overload
designed to open a major second front in 1944, general eisenhower began the largest sea invasion in world history on june 6, allies attacked at 5 beachs (utah, omaha, gold, juno, and sword)toughest beach was omaha, result:Allies liberated Paris
Election of 1944
Republicans nominee- Thomas Dewey (gov of NY)
Democrats- FDR, won election because they did not want to change presidents in the middle of war
Battle of the Buldge
fought desperatly at Bastogne in Belgium, final major counterattack by the Nazis
Invasion of Germany
Churchill wanted Allies to beat the Soviets to Berlin, US advanced as far as Elbe river, stopped, let the soviets go into berlin
FDR's Death
died on april 12th, 1945 of brain hemmorage, harry truman replaced him to lead during the remainder of the war
leyte gulf
largest naval battle of WWII
Manila
capitol of the Phillapines, captured by the US
Okinawa
300 miles from japan, where the japanese released their kamikaze attacks
Potsdam Conference
1-plans for the control and occupation of germany
2-final ultimatum for japan:surrender or else
Enola Gay
flew over Hiroshima and dropped the first atomic bomb, second dropped on Nagasaki
Yalta Conference
FDR, Churchhill, Stalin, meet to discuss post war problems like free elections, the division of germany, and the United Nations
Potsdam Conference
Truman, Churchill, attlee, and stalin, issued altimatum in japan, surrender or else
General Dwight D Eisenhower
supreme allied commander in the atlantic theater
General Omar Bradley
general of d-day
General George Patton
old blood and guts
General Mark Clark
liberated rome
General Douglas MacArthur
leader of the southern approach in the pacific
Admiral Chester Nimitz
leader of ther central approach
British: General Bernard Montgomery
leader in north africa, italy, d-day, and germany
German: General Erwin Rommel
"desert fox", defeated by allies in north africa
Japan
Russia agreed to enter the war against Japan after Germans surrendered
Germany
the allies divided germany into 4 zones of occupation
Eastern Europe
Stalin promised free elections in Poland only
four secret agreements
1. russia was given the Kurile Islands
2. russia given occupation zone in korea
3. russia was given rights in manchuria
4. russia had recognition of the mongolian peoples public would be under russian rule
Truman's biggest Decision
Robert Oppenheimer led the scientists in developing the A-bomb in the "Manhattan Project" to be dropped over Hiroshima
1. Truman wanted to end the war
2. To show russia the US power
Reasons for choosing Hiroshima
1. largest army base in western Japan
2. economic center
3. seventh largest city in Japan
Battle of Britain
constant air battle, churchill replaced chamberlain as prime minister, hitler unleashes his Luftwaffe against England, hitler bombed england day and night from august to november, germans stopped the all out bombing
Nuetrality Act
cash and carry act, permitted warring nations to purchase war materials on condition that they pay in cash and carry their own goods
Smith Act
controlled aliens coming into the US and made it illegal for anyone to say anything about overthrowing the government
Burke-Wadsworth Act
set up the first peacetime draft , required men from ages 21-35 to register
Lend-Lease Act
the US would lend or lease war material to any nation who could not afford cash and carry to get the equipment to fight Hitler
G.I.
Government Issue
Tuskegee Airmen
first african american air force unit trained in alabama
James Doolittle
put in charge to command the raid in japan
Admiral Yamamoto
commander of japanese fleet who wanted to attack midway island
DUKW
amphibious truck that could deliver supplies to troops on beaches