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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Music and art after World War I
broke with tradition
The literature of the postwar era depicted
Dissatisfaction with society
The Great Depression began in
United States
The New Deal was a
Government attempt to end the Depression
Why did Hitler blame the Jewish population for all of Germany's troubles?
Hatred of Jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology
Which of the following does fascism stress?
nationalism
Nazism was the German form of
fascism
The governments of Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler were
dictatorships
In his book Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler expressed the spirit of
Nazi movement
In 1922 Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party gained control of the government of
Germany
What was the name of Hitler's secret police?
Gestapo
What was the name of Stalin's secret police?
KBG
Under Stalin all of the following events took place EXCEPT
The New Economic Policy was introduced
Hitler's program found appeal among all of the following groups EXCEPT
communists
In a command economy
Government planners make all economic decisions
Communism is different from fascism in all of the following categories EXCEPT its
Authority over the people
appealed to Europeans as a cure for the uncertainty of the postwar years; a form of government in which all societal resources are monopolized by the state in an effort to penetrate and control all aspects of public and private life, through the state's use of propaganda, terror, and technology.
totalitarian regime
experienced by the United States in the postwar years; there is a high level of aggregate demand, inflation increases, unemployment falls, and growth in national income accelerates.
economic boom
Marked by several inventions and discoveries of far reaching consequences; emergence of unprecedented industrial boom and accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, coupled with significant changes in the lifestyle; and a series of events, national as well as the international, which shaped a large part of the history of the 20th century.
Roaring Twenties
Period during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were restricted or illegal
Prohibition
Term used to describe policies which are guided by the idea of protecting domestic consumption, labor and capital formation, even if this requires the imposition of tariffs and other restrictions on the movement of labour, goods and capital.
Economic nationalism
risky investments in the stock market in the hope of quick, high profits
market speculations
buying stock with money borrowed
on margin
massive global economic recession that ran from 1929 to approximately 1939
Great Depression
a line of concrete fortifications, tank obstacles, machine gun posts and other defenses which France constructed along its borders with Germany and with Italy in the wake of World War I
Maginot Line
The principal treaty was between Germany, France, Belgium, Britain, and Italy, under which the first three signatories undertook not to attack each other, with the latter two acting as guarantors. In the event of aggression by any of the first three states against another, all other parties to the treaty were to assist the country under attack.
Locarno Pact
a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country
general strike
an alliance of left-wing political parties (the Communists, the Socialists and the Radicals), which was in government in France from 1936 to 1938; enacted the law mandating 12 days (2 weeks) each year of paid vacations for workers; enacted the law limiting to 40 hours the workweek (outside of overtime)
Popular Front
the act of taking assets into state (government) ownership
nationalized
a militarily unsuccessful rebellion staged in Ireland against British rule on Easter Monday in April 1916.
Easter Rising
authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini; generally attracted political support from big business, landowners, and patriotic, traditionalist, conservative, far-right, populist and reactionary individuals and groups
Fascism
Used by Mussolini to reshape the economy; a nation in where the major economic activities, such as agriculture, transportation, manufacturing, and commerce, are organized into syndicates that resemble corporations
corporate state
(German for "My Struggle") is a book written by Adolf Hitler, combining elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler's political ideology of Nazism - National Socialist German Workers Party
Mein Kampf
refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the control of the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as head of state
Third Reich
the treaty of friendship signed between Mussolini (Italy) and (Hitler) Germany on October 25 1936. The two countries would form an "axis" around which the other states of Europe could revolve. Later, in May 1939, this relationship transformed into an alliance, dubbed the "Pact of Steel".
Rome-Berlin Axis
started by Lenin and revised by Stalin; agriculture where peasants are not paid wages, but rather receive a share of the farm's net output.
collective farm system
economic system in which government planners make all economic decisions
command economy
the executive organization of the Communist Party; the party is seen as the "vanguard of the people" and therefore usually has the power to control the state, and the non-state party officials in the politburo generally hold extreme power.
Politburo
international Communist organization founded in March 1919 by Lenin, Trotsky and the Russian Communist Party (bolshevik), which intended to fight "by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State."
Comintern
to remove people considered by the group in power to be "undesirable" from a government, political party, a profession, or from community or society as a whole, often by violent means
purge
used by workers who wanted their demands met
general strike