Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sykes-Picot Agreement
divided up the mid-east by the French and British (the powerful countries before US), it was a contributing factor of artificial natural boundaries that didn't care about the ethnical boundaries
Balfour Declaration
1920, Lord Balfour of Great Britain, asked by Zionists, said that he would have it.
United Nations Partition Plan
the United Nations decided because they had sympathy for the Jews from the Holocaust and, Zionists wanted their own land, the UN decided to make Palestine into Israel, and the Palestinians would live with them, shared equally
Golda Mier
was a Jewish activist that was also a Zionist. She, unlike her husband, wanted a place for Jews of her own. She first was in the U.S and then went to Palestine and was away for business most of the time. Once Israel was established, Golda became a ambassador of the Soviet Union and became the first woman prime minister and the fourth prime minister that Israel had.
Anwar Sadat
The Egyptian president, he, Jimmy Carter and the prime minister of Israel had an agreement, Camp David Accords, to stop the fighting between Israel and Egypt. Later he was assassinated, because his people didn't like his decision.
Yassar Arafat
the president of the PLO, (Palestine liberation organization) a terrorist group that stopped and saw that it wasn’t going to help, so Yassar negotiated with the other countries instead but new terrorist groups formed, assassinated him, was elected president,
Saddam Hussein
leader of Iraq; used weapons of mass destruction, and used them on his own people, and tried to wipe out the Kurds
Ayatollah Khomeini
lead Islamic revolution in Iran, changed relations in the Mid east, b/c they hated us
didn’t want Israel in their land anymore
Arabs were the main ones of Terrorism. Targeted civilians and only would kill some of them, so that other civilians would be terrified and change their mind for what they want.
Organization of Petroleum export to countries, mostly mid west countries, Saudi Arabia had the most say, voted on how much to price the oil, votes depended on how much oil you had.
8-Year War
Iran and Iraq had a war over the border. Right on the borders were all of these oil fields and they wanted that oil. The U.S gave war weapons to Iraq, and the Soviet Union gave war weapons to Iran, but also they gave weapons to the enemy so that if either one of them one they could get part of the oil. Ended in a tie, and they both kept the weapons.
Gulf War
Iraq had many destroyed oil fields from the war, and since Kuwait had fields, Husain wanted to take over Kuwait. United States helped Kuwait because they were trying to “liberate” them, and won.
Iraq War
the war between them and the United States, trying to get them a better government and because of the “weapons of mass destruction”
Shia vs. Sunni vs. Kurds
Sunni’s the minority, the Shia is the majority and the Kurds live in the north, all of them are different Muslims, believe in different things, and hate each other
Islamic fundamentalism
One who believes in the literal teachings of their religion and puts those teachings above everything else in their life; and see other religions as a threat; religion dictates their life.
Global Muslim population
Muslims are not always living in the mid east, starting to grow in Indonesa, India and Africa
growth levels are growing fast, in the Muslim concentrated areas