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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Adolescence
the period during which the person becomes physically and psychologically mature and acquires a personal identity
Adolescent growth spurt
the period during puberty where sudden and dramatic physical changes occur
Amblyopia
reduced visual acuity in one eye
Apgar scoring system
a scoring system to assess newborn babies
Apocrine glands
develop in the axillae
Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST)
a screening test used to assess children from birth to 6 years of age
Eccrine glands
glands that produce sweat; found over most of the body
Ectoderm
the outer layer of tissue formed in the second week of life
Ejaculation
expulsion of seminal fluid and sperm
Embryonic phase
the phase during which the fertilized ovum develops into an organism with most of the features of the human
Emmetropic
normal refraction so that the eyes focus images on the retina
Endoderm
the inner layer of tissue formed in the second week of life
Entoderm
see Endoderm
Failure to thrive
a unique syndrome in which an infant falls below the fifth percentile for weight and height on a standard growth chart or is falling in percentiles on a growth chart
Fetal phase
characterized by a period of rapid growth in the size of the fetus; both genetic and environmental factors affect its growth
Fontanelles
unossified membranous gaps in the bone structure of the skull of a newborn that makes molding of the head possible
Hyperopic
(farsighted)
Identification
perceiving one's self as similar to and behaving like another person
Imagination
an important part of preschoolers’ life (the preschooler has an active imagination and fantasizes in play)
Introjection
the assimilation of the attributes of others
Lanugo
the fine
Menarche
onset of menstruation
Mesoderm
middle layer of the embryonic tissue that forms during the third week
Myopic
(nearsighted)
Normocephaly
normal head circumference at birth; usually 35 cm (14 in)
Peer groups
assume great importance and have a number of functions: provides a sense of belonging
Placenta
a flat
Primary sexual characteristics
relate to the organs necessary for reproduction
Puberty
the first stage of adolescence in which sexual organs begin to grow and mature
Regression
a defense mechanism in which one adapts behavior that was comforting earlier in life to overcome the discomfort and insecurity of the present situation
Repression
a defense mechanism in which painful thoughts
Sebaceous glands
active under the influence of androgens in both males and females
Secondary sexual characteristics
physical characteristics that differentiate the male from the female but do not relate directly to reproduction
Self-concept
the collection of ideas
Separation anxiety
the fear and frustration experienced by young children that comes with parental absences
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS)
violent shaking of the infant by the arms or shoulders causing a whiplash
Stereognosis
the ability to recognize objects by touching and manipulating them
Strabismus
squinting or crossing of the eyes; uncoordinated eye movements
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
the sudden and unexpected death of an infant
Sutures
junction lines of the skull bones
Teratogen
anything that adversely affects normal cellular development in the embryo or fetus
Trimesters
the three-month periods during pregnancy marking certain landmarks for developmental changes in mother and the fetus; three trimesters during the pregnancy
Vernix caseosa
a protective covering that develops over the unborn fetus' skin; a white