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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Pathogens are described by their _________, ___________, and __________.
virulence
pathogenicity
mechanism of action
What is a nosocomial infection?
infection acquired in a healthcare setting such as a hospital, physician's office, or nursing home
Bacteria are described by their __________, ___________, and ___________.
shape
ability to utilize oxygen
staining characteristics
Antiinfective drugs are classified by their ________ or by their ____________.
chemical structure
mechanism of action
Rod shaped bacteria are called ____________.
Bacilli
Spherical shaped bacteria are called __________.
cocci
Spiral shaped bacteria are called __________.
spirilla
Name a drug that inhibits RNA synthesis.
Rifampin
Name a class of drugs that are antimetabolites.
sulfonamides
Name a class of drug that inhibits DNA synthesis.
fluoroquinolones
Name four antimicrobial drugs that inhibit cell wall synthesis.
penicillins
cephalosporins
vancomycin
isoniazid
Third generation cephalosporins are sometimes the drugs of first choice against which infections?
Pseudomonas
Klebsiella
Neisseria
Salmonella
Proteus
Hemophilus influenza
Which class of drugs may cause photosensitivity?
tetracyclines
What was the first macrolide antibiotic?
erythromycin
Aminoglycosides act by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis and are normally reserved for serious aerobic gram-negative infections like ________, ________, ______, _________, and ___________.
Escherichia Coli
Serratia
Proteus
Klebsiella
Psuedomonas
What drug is known as the "last chance" antibiotic?
Vancomycin
What is unique about drug therapy for Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
Multiple drugs are used.