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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The income approach to value would be most important in the appraisal of a(n)

a. condominium
b. office building
c. single-family residence
d. vacant residential lot
b. office building
In an old retail building, which of the following would most likely be a cause of incurable functional obsolescence?

a. deficient and inadequate lighting
b. closely-spaced internal support columns
c. an unattractive store front
d. a decrease in the area’s population
b. closely-spaced internal support columns
All of the following are characteristics of value EXCEPT

a. scarcity
b. transferability
c. obsolescence
d. utility
c. obsolescence
The expression “more buildings are torn down than fall down” refers to

a. curable physical deterioration
b. incurable physical deterioration
c. the enforcement of building codes
d. functional and external depreciation
d. functional and external depreciation
An appraiser is responsible for

a. finding value
b. computing value
c. determining value
d. estimating value
d. estimating value
The term depreciation refers to the

a. value of real estate after the expiration of its useful life
b. loss of value in real estate from any cause
c. costs incurred to renovate or modernize a building
d. capitalized value of lost rental income
b. loss of value in real estate from any cause
When appraising real estate, the first consideration of the appraiser should be the

a. asking price of the property
b. highest and best use of the property
c. original cost of the property
d. selling prices of similar properties
b. highest and best use of the property
Which of the following should be classified as external depreciation?

a. a leaking roof that needs to be completely replaced
b. poorly maintained propertied in the neighborhood
c. a poorly designed floor plan that could be modified
d. convenient access to schools and recreational facilities
b. poorly maintained propertied in the neighborhood
It is necessary to calculate a dollar value for depreciation when using which of the following?

a. the sales comparison approach to value
b. the cost approach to value
c. the income approach to value
d. gross rent multipliers
b. the cost approach to value
The income approach as used by an appraiser makes use of which of the following?

a. equalization
b. depreciation
c. appreciation
d. capitalization
d. capitalization
In the valuation of a large apartment complex, the most weight would be given to which of the following approaches to value?

a. the cost approach
b. the income approach
c. the sales comparison approach
d. all approaches equally weighted
b. the income approach
In the cost approach to value, the appraiser makes use of

a. the owner’s original cost of the building
b. the estimated replacement cost of the building
c. the sales prices of similar buildings in the area
d. the assessed value of the building
b. the estimated replacement cost of the building
The sales comparison approach to value would be most important when estimating the value of a(n)

a. Existing residence
b. Apartment building
c. Retail location
d. New residence
a. Existing residence
In the income approach, the appraiser makes use of

a. reproduction cost
b. capitalization rate
c. depreciation schedules
d. replacement cost
b. capitalization rate
An appraiser who is using the sales comparison approach to value would use all of the following comparable properties EXCEPT a similar home that was

a. sold over six months ago
b. sold recently but is located in another similar neighborhood
c. sold by the owners who were undergoing a foreclosure
d. sold recently but is located on a much larger lot
c. sold by the owners who were undergoing a foreclosure
Using which of the following would require the value of the land to be calculated separately from the value of the improvements?

a. the income approach
b. the cost approach
c. the sales comparison approach
d. the gross rent multiplier
b. the cost approach
Reconciliation is best described as

a. selecting the highest value given by the three approaches to value
b. comparing comparable properties and identifying their amenities
c. determining the final value by selecting one value form those given
d. analyzing the results obtained from the three approaches to value
d. analyzing the results obtained from the three approaches to value
A building is valued at $215,000 and contains 4 apartments that rent for $470 each per month. The owner estimates that the net operating income is 65 percent of the gross rental receipts. What is the capitalization rate?

a. 3.7 percent
b. 6.8 percent
c. 10.5 percent
d. 14.2 percent
b. 6.8 percent
The steps in the appraisal process include all of the following EXCEPT

a. gathering specific data on the subject property
b. gathering general data for the area of the subject property
c. considering the seller’s estimate of the property’s value
d. applying the three approaches to value to the collected data
c. considering the seller’s estimate of the property’s value
The gross rent multiplier is used as a guideline for estimating value based on

a. the ratio of the gross rents to the net rents after expenses
b. the proportion of rents due to the actual rents collected
c. the capitalization of the annual gross rent income
d. the relationship of the sales prices to the rental income
d. the relationship of the sales prices to the rental income
Defined as a loss in value from any cause, depreciation is generally divided into three categories. The loss of value doe to the normal wear and tear on a property is called

a. external depreciation
b. physical depreciation
c. functional obsolescence
d. economic deterioration
b. physical depreciation
To find the value of a property using the income approach to value, I the net operating income and the capitalization rate were known, the appraiser would

a. multiply the net operating income by the capitalization rate
b. multiply the effective gross income by the capitalization rate
c. divide the net operating income by the capitalization rate
d. divide the capitalization rate by the net operating income
c. divide the net operating income by the capitalization rate
An appraiser has been employed to estimate the market value of a parcel of vacant land. The resulting appraisal report would include reference to all of the following EXCEPT

a. the highest and best use of the parcel
b. the listed price of the parcel
c. the most probable price the parcel will being
d. he physical dimensions of the parcel
b. the listed price of the parcel
When appraising a commercial property, the appraiser is most concerned with the

a. accrued depreciation on the property
b. income generated by the property
c. sales prices of comparable properties
d. total debt service on the property
b. income generated by the property
In the appraisal of an office building, which of the following would be classified as external depreciation?

a. termite damage to the structural components of the building
b. a poor architectural design resulting in a cluttered floor plan
c. antiquated restroom facilities
d. a law requiring the building to be retrofitted with fire sprinklers
d. a law requiring the building to be retrofitted with fire sprinklers
The period of time over which an improvement to the property will contribute to its value is known as its

a. amortized life
b. chronological life
c. actual life
d. economic life
d. economic life
Which of the following would be considered specific data?

a. The dimension of the subject property
b. The employment opportunities in the area
c. The sales data for comparable properties
d. The gross rent multipliers for the area
a. The dimension of the subject property
When estimating the value of the property using the cost approach, all of the following would be considered by the appraiser EXCEPT the

a. loss of value due to uncollected delinquent rent
b. estimated loss attributable to an outdated heating system
c. quality of materials and workmanship in the original structure
d. excessive amount of traffic noise outside the property
a. loss of value due to uncollected delinquent rent
The market price of real estate is generally the same as

a. the sales price
b. the market value
c. the highest and best use
d. the assessed value
a. the sales price
Reconciliation is an appraisal term used to describe

a. the appraiser’s determination of a property’s highest value
b. an average of real estate values for properties similar to the subject propriety
c. the appraiser’s analysis and comparison of the results of each appraisal approach
d. the method used to determine the most appropriate capitalization rate for a property
c. the appraiser’s analysis and comparison of the results of each appraisal approach
An appraiser has been hired to prepare an appraisal on a property that includes an elegant old mansion that is now used as an insurance company office. Which approach to value would the appraiser rely on most?

a. income approach
b. gross rent multiplier approach
c. sales comparison approach
d. replacement cost approach
a. income approach
A house with outmoded plumbing is suffering from

a. functional obsolescence
b. curable physical deterioration
c. incurable physical deterioration
d. external depreciation
a. functional obsolescence
A 4-bedroom approach an appraiser uses which of the following?

a. physically obsolete
b. functionally obsolete
c. economically obsolete
d. diminished
b. functionally obsolete
In the cost approach an appraiser uses which of the following?

a. sales prices of similar properties
b. the owner’s original cost of construction
c. an estimate of the building’s replacement cost
d. the property’s depreciated value as used for income tax purposes
c. an estimate of the building’s replacement cost
The purpose of an appraisal is to

a. estimate the value of a property
b. set the market price of a property
c. determine the projected income of a property
d. set the amount of consideration the seller should accept from a purchaser
a. estimate the value of a property
In the income approach, which of the following is NOT considered when calculating the net operating income?

a. real estate taxes
b. management fees
c. debt service
d. utilities
c. debt service