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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The ____ is one of the largest, most important organs of the human body comprising ___ % of the total body weight.
Skin, 16%
P854
Skin, consisting of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers.
Integumentary
P854
General reddening of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries.
Erythema
P855
A hematoma in the thigh can contain over a ______ of blood before swelling becomes noticeable.
Liter
P856
Stages of wound healing.
Hemostasis
Inflammation
Epithelialzation
Neovascularization
Collagen synthesis
P862
_____________ begins almost immediately following injury.
Hemostasis
P862
____________ is the most common complication of open wounds.
Infection
P864
Infections appear at least __ to __ days following the initial wound.
2 to 3
P864
Gloves protect not only the ______ but also the _________ from contaminants on the rescurer's hands.
Rescuer
Pt
P865
Muscle ischemia that is caused by the rising pressures within an anatomical fascial space.
Compartment syndrome
P866
Resulting scar tissue shortens the length of the muscle strand.
Volkmann's contracture
P867
_________ injury is similar to a crush injury, although the mechanism is more passive and more likely to go unnoticed.
Pressure or hypoxic injury.
P867
_______ syndrome occurs when body parts are entrapped for __ hours or longer.
Crush
4
P868
Acute pathologic process that involves the destruction of skeletal muscle.
Rhabdomylysis
P868
Increased blood potassium(____________) can reduce the cardiac muscle's responce to electrical stimuli, induce ___________________, and lead to _______________.
(Hyperkalemia)
Cardiac dysrhythmias
Sudden death
P868
Proper evaluation of the _______ can tell you more about the body's condition after trauma than any other aspect of pt assessment.
Skin
P871
When the rapid secondary assessment is complete, obtain what?
a set of vital signs and pt hx.
P873
The three objectives of bandaging are to do what?
Control hemorrhage
Keep the wound clean
immobilize the wound site.
P875
Inflate a BP cuff to a pressure __mmHg above the pt's systolic BP and beyond the pressure at which the Pt's ____________ ceases.
30mmHg
Hemorrhage
P877
___________ is an important, but frequently overlooked, component of hemorrhage control.
Immobilization
P878
Use open gauze to _______, not _______, any bleeding or fluids flowing from the ear canal.
collect
stop
P879
A useful technique is to wrap a bandage only so tight that ______________ can still be easily slipped beneath it.
one finger
P882
The focus of prehospital crush injury care is on _________ transport, adequate ___________, diuresis, and ---possibly --- _______________.
Rapid
Fluid resuscitation
Systemic alkalinization
P884
For a crush injury pt, administer sodium bicarbonate __ mEq/kg initally, followed by ______mEq/kg/hr thereafter. It is preferable to add the bicarb to a _________ bag rather than administering it as a bolus or IV push.
1mEq/kg
0.25mEq/kg/hr
NS normal saline
P885
___________. an _________ diuretic, is the drug of choice for crush syndrome.
Mannitol
Osmotic
P885
Once the pt is freed from entrapment, be prepared to treat rapidly progressing _______.
Shock
P886
IV infussions at ____________ and provide additional boluses of _________________ as needed.
30mL/kg/hr
sodium bicarb
P886
____________________ is pain or an increase in pain noted by a pt as a muscle is extended by a care provider.
Passive stretching pain
P886
Suspect associated injuries to both abd and thoracic organs if the soft tissue injury involves the region between the rib margin and the ____ rib anteriorly, the ___ rib laterally, and the ___ rib posteriorly.
5th
7th
9th
P888