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39 Cards in this Set

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A centralized society with developed forms of religion, ways of governing and learning
Civilization
The skills and knowledge to make products or meet goals
technology
a huge mud-brick temple built in Mesopotamia
ziggurat
an organized system that groups use to make laws and decisions
government
a city or village and the farmlands around it
city-state
a government where one person has complet right to rule in peace time or lead soldiers in times of war
monarchy
the right to rule
authority
extra supply
surplus
people who bought and sold goods for a living
merchant
groups with different levels of importance
social class
a person who wrote things for others
scribe
new ways of doing things
innovation
to take over
conquer
a conquered land of many people and places governed by one ruler
empire
ruler of an empire
emperor
a system where people are required to pay taxes to support the government
taxation
a collection of laws compiled by the Babylonian leader Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi
fair treatment under the law
equal justice
belief in one God
monotheism
a special agreement
covenant
a set of laws for responsible behavior
Ten Commandments
the religion of the Jewish people
Judaism
the first five books of the Bible (five books of Moses)
Torah
a settlement separate from, but under the control of, a home country
colony
spreading new ideas to other places
cultural diffusion
the exchange of one good or service for another
barter
an economic system based on the use of money rather than on barter
money economy
What was the importance of dikes and canals?
Dikes held back flooding rivers.Canals carried extra water back to rivers after floods. They allowed Sumerians to carry out successful agriculture and build cities.
What was the impact of a food surplus in Sumer?
People could spend their working hours doing other things than farm or look for food and a complex division of labor began.
What was the importance of Hammurabi?
He developed laws in the code of Hammurabi, introduced the idea of equal justice under the law, and reunited most of Mesopotamia.
Why was Abraham important?
Abraham led his people to Canaan where he said god made a covenant. Abraham said that this covenant promised his decendants the land of Canaan as a homeland.
What was the impact of coined money?
Coined money allowed traders to set prices for various kinds of goods and services and develop a money economy instead of relying on barter.
What was the impact of the Phonician alphabet?
The PHonician alphabet made writing easier, and helped them to record trade agreements and draw up bills. The alphabet spread quickly because the Phonicians had colonies
cunieform
wedged shaped symbols developed by
Mesopotamia
Area between the Tigis and Euphrates river where civilization began
Moses
leader of the Isrealites who led his people out of Egypt after being give 10 commandments by god
Phoenicians
people who occupied the northern section of the fertile crescent
Sargon
first known conqueror in Mesopotamia who ruled for 55 years
agriculture
the raising of domesticated plants and animals. led to people settling in one place