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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Crown or coronary
coron/o
Fat
adip/o
gland
aden/o
constant
home/o
relating to the head
cephal/o
within
endo
above
epi
cell
cyt/o
out of
exo
tissue
hist/o
pertaining to
-ac
control
-stasis
disease, suffering, and emotion
path/o
formative material of cells
-plasm
behind
retro
An infection acquired in a hospital:
nosocomial
Part of the lymphatic and immune system:
spleen
Cavity that contains the major organs of digestion:
abdominal
The direction toward or nearer the midline
medial
Internal and external surfaces of the body are covered with:
epithelial tissue
A genetic disorder characterized by missing digestive enzyme:
phenylketonuria
Inflammation of a gland:
adenitis
The abdominal cavity is lined with:
parietal peritoneum
The functional units of heredity:
genes
The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues:
histology
Above the stomach:
epigastric
Belly button:
umbilical
Below the ribs
hypochondriac
Below the stomach:
hypogastric
Hip bone:
iliac
Pertaining to the groin:
inguinal
The study of how traits are transferred:
genetics
Specialist in outbreaks of diseases:
pathologist
Glands that excrete their secretions through ducts:
exocrine
The stomach is ____ to the diaphragm:
inferior
Maintaining a constant internal environment:
homeostasis
Hereditary bleeding disorders where clotting factors are missing:
hemophilia
General increase in the bulk of a part or organ:
Hypertrophy
An illness without a known cause:
idiopathic
Any deviation from what is regarded as normal:
anomaly
Abnormal development of tissue cells:
dysplasia
A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other:
Anaplasia
Abnormal increase in the dumber of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue:
hyperplasia
Incomplete development of an organ or tissue:
hypoplaisa
Defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue:
Aplasia
Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure:
medial
Situated in the back:
posterior
When the body is divided into front and back portions:
Coronal (frontal) plane
When the body is divided vertically into equal left and right portions:
midsagittal plane
Part of the elbow is formed by the ____ end of the humerous:
distal
Genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness of muscle fibers:
muscular dystrophy
The study of the functions of the structures of the body:
physiology
Cavity that protects the heart and lungs:
thoracic
A side effect or an unfavorable response arising from a prescribed medical treatment:
iatrogenic
The combination of the abdominal and pelvic cavities:
abdominopelvic cavity
Sudden, widespread outbreak of a disease:
epidemic
No physical changes to explain symptoms:
functional disorder
Bleeding disorder where clotting factors are missing:
hemophilia
Determining the cause of a disease:
Etiology
Inflammation of the peritoneum:
peritonitis
Acquiring a disease through water:
waterborne transmission
Lower right area of the abdomen:
lower right quadrant
Inflammation within the area formed by the hipbones is the ___ cavity
pelvic
The study of the structure and function of cells:
cytology
Person who studies traits and characteristics, and how they are transmitted:
geneticist
Lower left side of the abdomen
lumbar
Down syndrome is also known as:
chromosome 21
The only cells in the body that do not have 46 chromosomes:
gametes
Liquid connective tissue:
adipose tissue
The esophagus is part of this system:
digestive
Surgical repair of a muscle:
myoplasty
Pain in a nerve:
neuralgia
Abnormal condition of the stomach:
gastosis
Inflammation of the larynx:
laryngitis
Surgical removal of part of a muscle:
myectomy
Pain in the stomach:
gastralgia
Surgical removal of the larynx:
larynectomy
Abnormal condition of the kidney:
nephrosis
Surgical repair of a nerve:
neuroplasy
Inflammation of the kidney:
nephritis