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31 Cards in this Set

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administrator account
In Windows 2000/XP/Vista, an account that grants to the administrator(s) rights and permissions to all hardware and software resources, such as the right to add, delete, and change accounts and to change hardware configurations.
Aero user interface
The Vista 3D user interface. Also called Aero glass.
backward-compatible
A technology, software, or device that works with older or legacy
technologies, software, or devices.
Briefcase
A system folder in Windows 9x/Me that is used to synchronize files between two computers.
child directory
A directory or folder contained in another directory or folder. Also called a child directory or folder.
command prompt window
A Windows utility that is used to enter multiple commands to perform a variety of tasks.
Compressed (zipped) Folder
When files are put in the folder, they are compressed. When files are moved to a regular folder, the files are decompressed.
device driver
program stored on the hard drive that tells the computer how to communicate with a hardware device such as a printer or modem
distribution
Any version of Linux.
dual boot
The ability to boot using either of two different OSs, such as Windows XP and Windows Vista.
elevated command prompt
A Vista command prompt window that allows commands that require administrative privileges.
executive services
In Windows 2000/XP/Vista, a group of components running in kernel mode that interfaces between the subsystems in user mode and the HAL
file attribute
The properties assigned to a file. Examples of file attributes are read-only and hidden status.
file extension
A portion of the name of a file that is used to identify the file type
Filename
The first part of the name assigned to a file
Graphical user interface (GUI)
(GUI): An interface that uses graphics as compared to a command-driven interface
HAL (hardware abstraction layer):
The low-level part of Windows 2000/XP/Vista, written specifically for each CPU technology, so that only the HAL must change when platform components change.
Kernel
The portion of an OS that is responsible for interacting with the hardware
kernel mode
A Windows 2000/XP/Vista “privileged” processing mode that has access to hardware components.
notification area
An area to the right of the taskbar that holds the icons for running services Also called the system tray or systray.
Registry
A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information, user preferences, and setup information.
Path
A drive and list of directories pointing to a file such as C:\Windows\System32.
root directory
The main directory created when a hard drive or disk is first formatted. In Linux, it’s indicated by a forward slash. In DOS and Windows, it’s indicated by a backward slash service
shell
The portion of an OS that relates to the user and to application
standard account
The Vista user account type that can use software and hardware and make some system changes, but cannot make changes that affect the security of the system or other users
subdirectory
A directory or folder thread
thread
Each process that the CPU is aware of; a single task that is part of a longer task or program
User Account Control (UAC)
A Vista security feature that displays a dialog box each time a user attempts to perform an action that can be done only with administrative privileges
user mode
Windows 2000/XP/Vista, a mode that provides an interface between an application and the OS, and only has access to hardware resources through the code running in kernel mode
virtual machine (VM)
One or more logical machines created within one physical machine
volume
A primary partition that has been assigned a drive letter and can be formatted with a file system such as NTFS. Compare to logical drive.