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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is ordered government?
Government rules help people get along.
Government is organized. There are jobs with specific
Comes from England
What is Limited government?
Government is not all powerful
Does government have absolute power
What is representative government?
People can tell government what it can and cannot do.
Representatives vote the will of the people.
Magna Carta (1215)
Got rid of the absolute power of the king
King John -soft sword
Petition of Right (1628)
Limits king's power
Could not quarter soilders
Could not use military in peace time
limited power
Charter Colonies
King granted the colony a charter for self rule.
Rhode Island and Maryland were this kind of colony
two house legislature
How many houses?
proprietary colony
King gave land to a wealthy proprietor or owneer.
He chose a governor to run the colony.
A type of colony
Albany Plan of Union
A plan for unity set forth by Ben Franklin
Many ideas later used in Consitution
A plan for unity
Stamp Act Congress(1765)
Organized a boycott against British Goods-
Sent Declaration of Rights and Grievances to England
First Continental Congress
Every colony present except
Sent Declaration of Right

Unicameral body
12 out of 13 present
Royal Colonies
Under the control of the King
A type of colony
lst National Government
Continental Congress
took country through the war
Some powers of Continental Congress
1.built an army
2. made treaties
3.printed money
limited power
Committee of five
Livingston, Sherman, Jefferson, Adams, Franklin
wrote the constitution
What was the first National Constitution?
Articles of Confederation
Who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
Basic set of laws
What are the common ideas in the State Constitution?
Limited government, Civil rights and liberties, separation of powers, checks and balances and popular sovereignty
How did the states think of the articles ?
They formed a firm league of friendship
Under the articles was the legislative unicameral or bicameral?
Under the Articles of Confederation could the national government made the states obey the Articles?
What are some weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
One vote per state
Congress powerless to collect taxes
No executive branch, No natinal Court system, Amendment only with consent of all the States, 9/13 majority required to pass laws.
Articles only a firm league of friendship
What is the Critical Period?
This is the period of serious problems after the war due in part to the weakness of the Articles of Confederation
Mount Vernon Convention
Meeting to let George Washington settle a trade dispute between Virginia and Maryland
Annapolis Convention
Only five states met to look at the problems of the Articles but another meeting was set in Philadelphia. This became the Constitutional Convention
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention
Virginia Plan
large state plan
written by James Madison
3 branches of government
Court System
representation by population and/or money
New Jersey Plan
Presented by William Patterson
Government without a separation of power (unicameral)
Equal representation in Congress
Connecticut Compromise
Bicameral legislature; = representation in Senate; representation in the House depends on State's population
Three-Fifths Compromise
Slaves counted as if 3/5 of one person, both for representation and taxation.
Commerce and Slave Trade
Congress was forbidden to tax a State's exports or take action against the slave trade for 20 years
Supported passage of the Constitution
Did not support passage of the Constitution.
Leaders of the Federalists
and Anti-Federalists
Federalists-Alexander Hamilton and Madison

Anti-Federalists-Patrick Henry and John Hancock
Commander of the Continental Army
George Washington
Who proposed independence?
Richard Henry Lee
The first Vice President
John Adams
First President of the United States
George Washington
House of Burgesses
First representative, elected body in the new world
to change
Founded for Roman Catholics
Electoral College
Elects the President
Two Reason some people opposed the Constitution
No mention of God and No Bill of Rights
Lexington and Concord
The shot heard round the world and the start of the fighting war
Father of the Constitution
James Madison
1st English settlement
First Capital under the Constitution
New York
What is the English lost colony?
Oldest written Constitution