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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Down syndrome is caused by trisomy (having an extra chromosome) ______________.
21
Some identical twins have the same genetic makeup, but look slightly different. Their slight differences in appearance is an example of ______________, which is influenced by both biology and environment.
phenotypes
________ neurons carry messages to the central nervous system.
sensory
________ carry messages away from the central nervous system to the muscles of the body.
motor neurons
Disturbances of the neurotransmitter ________ can produce memory problems.
acetylcholine
The parasympathetic nervous system is a subdivision of
the autonomic nervous system.
The peripheral nervous system is comprised of
the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
Your ability to play the piano is regulated by the
somatic nervous system.
The ________ interconnects the two hemispheres of the cerebrum.
corpus callosum
Spatial orientation appears to be a function of the brain's ________ hemisphere.
Right
The ________ is important for the human ability to tap dance and walk on a tightrope.
cerebellum
Nerve fibers that interconnect the left side of the brain to the right side of the body (and vice versa) cross over the brain midline at the
medulla
Recent research indicates that the cerebellum is involved in
producing habitual responses.
Your temporal lobes are most important for processing of ________ signals.
auditory (sound)
You are holding an ice cube in your left hand. You touch it and find that it is hard and slick and cold. Soon the coldness becomes painful. Most of this information is processed in which cortex?
Somatosensory
A person who has has suffered damage to their hippocampus would be expected to have difficulty with
Remembering new information
A unique feature of the fMRI, as compared to the MRI, is the capacity to
detect cell activity through out the brain
Which sensory system does NOT relay information through the thalamus en route to the cortex?
smell
Damage to the __________ of the brain can result in problems with spatial orientation.
left hemisphere
The visual cortex is comprised of the visual processing areas in the
occipital lobes