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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Fertile Crescent
n. an arc of rich farmland in Southwest Asia, between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea
silt
n. the fine soil carried in the water of rivers
city-state
n. a city and its surrounding land functioning as an independent political unit
dynasty
n. a series of rulers from a single family
cultural diffusion
n. the spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another
polytheism
n. a belief in many gods
empire
n. a politcal unit in which a number of peoples or countries are controlled by a single ruler
Hammurabi
n. had a code made of rules such as "if someone hurts you, you can hurt them back"
Sumerians
n. the people of Sumer
cataract
n. a waterfall or stretch of rapids in a river
delta
n. a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
theocracy
n. a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure
hieroglyphics
n. an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
papyrus
n. a tall reed that grows in the Nile Delta, used by the ancient Egyptians to make a paperlike material for writing on
subcontinent
n. a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
monsoon
n. a wind that shifts in direction at certain times of each year
Mohenjo-Daro
n. one of the largest cities in the Indus Valley
Mandate of Heaven
n. a Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
dynastic cycle
n. the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
feudalism
n. a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
loess
n. a fertile deposit of windblown soil