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24 Cards in this Set

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Satellie Nation
A country dominated politically and economically by another nation, especially by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Iron Curtain
Term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the division between Communist and non-Communisit life.
Cold War
The competition that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union for power and influence in the world, lasting until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world.
Truman Doctrine
Harry Truman's 1947 speech before a joint session of COngress, calling for the United States to take a leadership role in the world, and declaring that the United States would support nations threatened by communism.
Marshall Plan
Program of American economic assitance to Western Europe, announced in 1947.
Berlin Airlift
Operation that moved supplies into West Berlin by American and British planes during a Soviet blockade in 1948-1949.
North Atlantic Treaty Orginization (NATO)
1949 alliance of nations that agreed to band together in the event of war and to support and protect each nation involved.
Collective Security
The principal of mutual military assistance among nations.
Warsaw Pact
Military alliance between the Soviet Union and nations of Eastern Europe, formed in 1955.
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
Established in 1938 to investigate disloyalty in the United States.
Hollywood Ten
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding communist influence in Hollywood.
Blacklist
List that circulated among employers, beginning in 1947, containing the names of persons who should not be hired.
McCarran-Walter Act
Passed by COngress in 1952, this law reaffirmed the quota system that had been established for each country in 1924.
38th Parallel
Latitude Line that divided North and South Korea at approximately the midpoint of the peninsula.
Korean War
Conflict over the future of the Korean peninsula, fought between 1950 and 1953 and ending in a stalemate.
Military-industrial complex
The military establishment as it developed links to the corporate and scientific communities, employing 3.5 million Americans by 1960.
McCarthyism
Term used to describe Senator Joseph McCarthy's anti-Communist smear tactics.
Arms Race
A contest between nations to gain weapons superiority.
Deterrence
The policy of making the military power of the United STates and its allies so strong that no enemy would attack for fear of retaliation.
Brinkmanship
A 1956 term used by Secretary of State John Dulles to describe a policy of risking war in order to protect national interests.
ICBM
Intercontinental ballistic missle.
Sputnik
The first artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the SOviets in 1957.
U-2 incident
A 1960 incident in which the Soviet military used a guided missle to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory.