Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
10% Plan
A southern state could form a government after 10% of its voters swore an oath to the Union. After the gov. was set up slavery had to be abolished.
Wade-Davis Bill
A rival to Reconstruction. A majority of men had to swear oath to the Union. No one who had volunteered to fight in the Confederacy could vote or hold office.
Freedman's Bureau
Gave food,clothing,and education to former slaves and poor whites
13th Ammendment
Banned slavery throughout the nation
14th Ammendment
Granted Citizenship to all people born in the U.S.
Radical Reconstruction
The period with all Repulicans in charge
Reconstrucion Act
Threw out all state governments who refused to ratify the 14th Ammend. All Southern states had to write a new consttitution before joining the Union. Must allow Africans to vote.
15th Ammendment
Forbad states to deny Africans the right to vote because of their race
Jim Crow Laws
Southern segregation laws
Plessy v. Ferguson
The supreme court case that ruled segregation was ok so long as facilities for blacks and whites were equal.
Scalawags
White Southerners who support Republican governments
Carpetbaggers
Northerners who came south for 1. to seek their fortune off the south 2. Union soldiers who fell in love with the southern land 3. those who want to improve the lives of the freedmen
African American politicians
Freedmen in office who hold important positions
Coservatives
Rich white southerners who want to keep the south as it was
KKK
white racistists who used violence to threaten freedmen and their supporters
Reconstruction Governments
Governmets working to rebuild the south
Sharecroppers
People who farmed the land using tools provided by the planters in exchange for a share of the crop at harvest time
Freedmen
Men and women who had been slaves
Amnesty
A government pardon
Black Codes
Laws that severly limit the rights of the freedmen
Radical
Someone who wants to make drastic changes in the society
Impeach
Bring formal charges of wrongdoing against an elected official
poll tax
Required voters to pay a fee before they vote
Literary tests
Required voters to be able to read and explain a section of the constitution.
Grandfather Clauses
If a voter's father or grandfather had been eligable to vote on January 1, 1867 they would not have to take the literary tests
Segregation
Seperating people of different races in public places
Lynching
illegal execution of someone by mob