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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Political tactic used by many veteran candidates
Waving the bloody shirt
Election of 1876: GOP candidate and winner of the election
Rutherford B. Hayes
Decrease in prices, good for consumers and big business, caused by decreased money circulation
Deflation
Increase in prices, good for farmers, caused by increased money circulation
Inflation
Farmers wanted FEDS to give back silver into circulation for inflation
"free silver"
Term for paper money
"Greenbacks"
Hallmark of the Gilded Age
"Spoils System"
Election of 1880 Candidates
GOP - James Garfield
V.P. - Chester Arthur
Dems - Winfield Scott Hancock
Strong supporters of "spoils system"
Stalwarts
Want to slowly reform the "spoils system"
Half-Breeds
Anti-"spoils system"
Independents
Winner of 1880 election
James Garfield
Garfield's assassinator
Charles Guiteau
Term for South because for 60 years voted Democrat
"Solid South"
Act passed by Arthur to outlaw "spoils system"
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Candidates for 1884 election
GOP - James Blaine
Dems - Grover Cleveland
Winner of 1884 election
Grover Cleveland(D)
Cleveland's major achievement as President
Interstate Commerce Act
-Railroad rates must be based on distance traveled
-Railroad rates must be posted in public
Interstate Commerce Act
Candidates for 1888 election
Dems - Grover Cleveland
GOP - Benjamin Harrison
Winner of 1888 election
Benjamin Harrison(R)
Major issue for campaigns of 1888 election
Tariffs
Party that supported tariffs
GOP
Party that was anti-tariffs
Democrats
Winner of 1888 election
Benjamin Harrison
Candidates for 1884 election
GOP - James Blaine
Dems - Grover Cleveland
Winner of 1884 election
Grover Cleveland(D)
Cleveland's major achievement as President
Interstate Commerce Act
-Railroad rates must be based on distance traveled
-Railroad rates must be posted in public
Interstate Commerce Act
Candidates for 1888 election
Dems - Grover Cleveland
GOP - Benjamin Harrison
Winner of 1888 election
Benjamin Harrison(R)
Major issue for campaigns of 1888 election
Tariffs
Party that supported tariffs
GOP
Party that was anti-tariffs
Democrats
Winner of 1888 election
Benjamin Harrison
Act signed by Harrison to increase tariffs
McKinley Tariff Act
Signed by Harrison to limit monopolies
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Used by Democrats to stop laws permitting black voting
Filibuster
In Congress, where everything is at a standstill and nothing will be passed
Gridlock
Rutherford B. Hayes' 2 major problems
1. Took presidency during depression
2. Forced to send in Army to break up strikes
Year of violence
1877
Required government to buy and coin at least $2 million worth of silver a month, vetoed by Hayes but was still passed
Bland-Allison Act
Leader of the stalwarts, senator, NY State boss, whose power was based on "spoils system"
Roscoe Conkling
Influential citizens who worked hard to abolish "spoils system"
Carl Schurz
George W. Curtis (Harper's Weekly)
Republican names for pompous reformers
Mugwumps
Senator who oversaw the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act
Shelby M. Cullom
Representative from Maine who was nicknamed "Czar" and forced the House to adopt "Reed Rules"
Thomas B. Reed
Republican representative who drew up a bill that allowed the FEDS to see that there were fair elections including blacks
Henry Cabot Lodge
Forced gov't to purchase 4 1/2 million ounces of silver every month
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Act vetoed by Cleveland but willingly signed by Harrison
Dependent Pension Act