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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HTN is defined as
systolic pressure = / > than 140
Diastolic pressure = / > 80
Is HTN modifiable
YES YES AND YES
Why is HTN called the "silent killer"
It has the "crack in dam" affect
Organs affected by uncontrolled HTN
kidneys, heart, brain, eyes
Pt goes into HTN crisis, what med can you give
IV sodium nitroprusside
Nitro PO
examples of loop diuretics
lasix
bumex
demadex
examples of K sparing diuretics
aldactone
dyrenium
three Beta blockers (OLOL)
atenolol
metoprolol
timolol
three ACE inhibitors
lisinopril
eosinapril
benazepril
when Pt is on a diuretic you should tell them to eat what types of foods?
foods that are high in potassium
(bananas, orange juice, potatoes)
Difference between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis
arterio - hardening of arteries
athero - lipids clogging the arteries
What are the 5 P's
pain
pallor
pulselessness
paralysis
paresthesia
Best Tx for arterial occlusive disease is
regular exercise
What med is the best anti-lipid
ASA (aspirin)
Buerger's diseased
seen in which body parts?
commonly found in what races?
thickening of arterial walls or occlusions in the hands and feet

commonly seen in middle east, far east, India, and southeast asians.
S&S of buerger's disease
numbness or tingling in fingers and toes in cold weather
pain in feet
intermittent claudication
what causes Raynaud's disease
(exaggerated response to the cold)
spasm of the arteries.
Raynaud's is seen as secondary to what other diseases
Lupus
rheumatoid arthritis
smoking
scleroderma
S&S of Raynaud's disease
fingers and toes changing color from white to blue to red
Dx for Raynaud's
ESR or ANA
What is a AAA
Where is it usually located
abd aortic aneurysm

is usually located below the kidneys
S&S of AAA
back pain or feeling of pressure
visual pulse in abd
Dx of AAA
chest / abd X-ray
ultrasound
MRI
CT
Tx for AAA
surgically repair ruptures
S&S of carotid occlusion
a bruit
confusion
visual abnormality in one eye
fainting
Difference between a DVT and thrombophlebitis
DVT is deep

thrombophlebitis is inflammation of a superficial vein
Tx for venous stasis
compression stockings
TED hose
paste bandage (unna boot)
S&S of PE
chest pain
tachycardia
dyspnea
cyanosis
coughing up blood
Main sign of a DVT
Homan's sign

edema in ONE extremity
Tx for DVT
Lovenox
oral warafin
streptokinase
urokinase
alteplase