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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
· According to Hobbes and Locke, human nature was governed by
natural laws
· Life, liberty, and property are examples of
natural rights
believed that natural laws could be used to define economic systems
· Joseph II was an because he used Enlightenment ideas to bring social and political change
enlightened despot
· The powers of are defined and limited by laws
constitutional government
· An agreement by which people give up their natural state for an organized society----·
social contract
· A policy that allows business to operate without government interference----
laissez faire
· The natural forces of supply and demand----
free market
· A social gathering in which artists and thinkers exchange ideas----
· A grand and complex artistic style----
· Thinkers during the Age of Reason challenged the established social order----
by calling for a just society based on reason
· Joseph II adopted Enlightenment ideas----
to improve the life of his people
· Which of the following was a feature of English government in the late 1700s?----
a cabinet
· Which of the following groups held the most political power in Britain?----
landowning aristocrats
· Montesquieu believed the purpose of the separation of powers was to----
protect the liberties of the people
· Which of the following is a true statement about European peasants during the Enlightenment?----
the Enlightenment had little effect on their life
· Which of the following helped Britain become a global power in the 1700s?----
its strong navy
· Which of the following groups had the right to vote in Britain in the 1700s?----
male property owners
· Government and church officials fought against Enlightenment ideas with----
· Salons were one area of the 18th century life that_____ controlled----
· Catherine II’s contribution of Russia was----
an expanded empire
· While the________ was disappearing in the west, it became more deeply rooted in Russia----
· The works of John Sebastian Bach were______ in nature----
· The work of_____ helped to create a new style of classical composition----
· The writer of the statement—“Mon is born free, but is everywhere in chains,” was stated by this philosopher----
· What philosopher would have stated—“In order to have liberty, it is necessary that the powers of government be separated?”----
· How did the creation of the United Kingdom help both England and Scotland?----
created larger markets
· The Tori party in Britain was made up primarily of----
landowning aristocrats
· How did war help Britain gain global prominence?----
by increasing its territory and trading opportunities
· How did business and commerce in England differ from business and commerce in France?----
England put fewer restrictions on trade
· What work did the majority of people in Britain do during the 1700s?----
· Which of the following did the Tories support?----
broad powers for the monarch