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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
person with skin deficient in melanin
albino
one of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas- secretes sweat, in action with bacteria is responsible for human body odor (phew wee)
apocrine sweat gland
deepest layer of the epidermis
basal layer
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
collagen
band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
cuticle
middle layer of the skin
dermis
outermost layer of the skin
epidermis
layer of skin forming the outer AND inner surfaces of the body
epithelium
sac within which each hair grows
hair follicle
the skin and its accessory structures
the integumentary system
hard protein found in the epidermis, hair and nails
keratin
a fat cell
lipocyte
the half-moon shaped, white area at the base of a nail (can you see yours?)
lunula
major pigment that gives skin its color
melanin
soft tissue surrounding the nail border
paronychium
tiny opening on the surface of the skin
pore
oil-secreting gland in the dermis
sebaceous
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
sebum
flat, scale like cells composing the epidermis
squamous epithelium
layers (like an ogre or an onion)
stratified
the outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of keratinized (horny) cells
stratum corneum
the innermost layer of the skin, containing fat
subutanous tissue
crust
collected of dried sebum and cellular debris
cyst
thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material (for examples see page 640) W
what does pil/o mean?
erosion
wearing away or loss of the epidermis
fissure
groove or crack-like sore
macule
discolored flat lesion
nodule
solid, elevated lesion, more than 1cm in diameter
papule
small elevation (solid) of the skin, e.g. pimple
polyp
mushroom-like growth extending on a stalk from the surface of mucous membranes (digestive tract)
pustule
small elevation of the skin containing pus
ulcer
open sore of the skin or mucous membrane
vesicle
small collection of clear fluid (blister)
wheal
smooth, slightly elevated, swollend area that is more red than its surrounding tissues (cat scratch- that does not cause bleeding)
alopecia
baldness- may be hereditary or idiopathic or as the result of disease, injury or chemotherapy
ecchymosis
bluish-black mark on the skin
petechia
small- pinpoint hemorrhage
pruritis
itching
purpura
merging ecchymoses and petechiae over any part of the body - see figure 16-5D page 642
urticaria
acute allergic reaction (hives) in which red round wheals develop of the skin